Stored Descriptive- Schemas Revisited
To do something thinking what one is doing is, according to this legend, always to do two things; namely, to consider certain appropriate propositions, or prescriptions, and to put into practice what these propositions or prescriptions enjoin. It is to do a bit of theory and then to do a bit of practice.
-- Gilbert Ryle, The Concept of Mind, 1949, p. 29.
Having seen how the conceptual coordination perspective explains patterns of memory and comprehension, we are now in a good position to reconsider the conventional stored descriptions view of memory. In many respects, the descriptive cognitive modeling approach goes well beyond Bartlett's theories; important insights need to be preserved and restated, even although the foundational assumptions about storing, matching, and copying are inaccurate.1 I begin by considering the logicists' position, showing how it fails to explain how new conceptualizations are possible. I then reexamine Schank's model of episodic memory in some detail, reconsidering how past and present experience are related in storytelling. Next, I consider Feigenbaum and Simon's model of memory, called EPAM (Elementary Perceiver and Memorizer), which can be reformulated to support the conceptual coordination perspective.
Throughout, I am exploring Ryle's idea that everyday behavior (practice) does not consist of following descriptions of how to behave or how the world works (theory). If memory consists at a neural level of something other than stored descriptions -- what Ryle called propositions and prescriptions -- then we must find a way to re-relate such descriptions to memory and behavior. The reconsideration in this chapter focuses on the nature of novel behavior, the process of describing experience, and the conceptual control of sequence learning.____________________
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Publication information: Book title: Conceptual Coordination:How the Mind Orders Experience in Time. Contributors: William J. Clancey - Author. Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Place of publication: Mahwah, NJ. Publication year: 1999. Page number: 277.
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