Social Networks of Children, Adolescents, and College Students

By Suzanne Salzinger; John Antrobus et al. | Go to book overview

5
The Child's Social Network from Three to Six Years: The Effects of Age, Sex, and Socioeconomic Status

Candice Feiring Michael Lewis Institute for the Study of Child Development University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson Medical School


INTRODUCTION

Although the importance of the social environment of the human infant has been well recognized, most attention has been paid to the mother as the single critical person in the child's social network. Recently, attention has been broadened to include other members of the nuclear family, such as fathers and siblings (e.g., Dunn, 1983; Lamb, 1981; Lewis & Rosenblum, 1979). Some work has even considered the influence of grandparents ( Cicirelli, 1976; Tinsley & Parke, 1984; Troll, 1971). However, little empirical information is available regarding the nature of the child's extended social network ( Bronfenbrenner, 1977; Cochran & Brassard, 1979; Lewis & Feiring, 1979). A few studies on the influence of individuals other than nuclear family members suggest the importance of peers and adults such as teachers. Peer contact has been shown to be related to the child's social adjustment ( Hartup, 1982). Children with more peers in their networks may be less likely to develop behavior problems ( Lewis, Feiring, McGuffog, & Jaskir, 1984) and opportunity for peer contact can ameliorate some of the negative effects of a poor mother-child relationship ( Hartup, 1982; Lewis & Schaeffer, 1981; Main, 1977). The child's contact with adults other than his or her parents has been shown to be important for cognitive development ( Feiring & Lewis, 1981b) and social growth ( Howes, 1983; Strayer, 1979).

Social network theory and research has received considerable study in the field of sociology. Attributes of the social network, including size, variety of membership, and density, have been often examined with regard to the

-93-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Social Networks of Children, Adolescents, and College Students
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 322

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.