The Hunchback's Tailor: Giovanni Giolitti and Liberal Italy from the Challenge of Mass Politics to the Rise of Fascism, 1882-1922

By Alexander De Grand | Go to book overview

Chapter 1

The Apprenticeship of a Statesman, 1842–1892

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Giovanni Giolitti belonged to the second generation of Italian leaders who emerged as relatively young men on the parliamentary scene around 1880, just as those who made the Italian state were about to leave the stage. He would be one of the first statesmen to have no ties to the wars for independence, but the Risorgimento leaders, consumed by the unglamorous tasks of state building after 1860, favored his entry into public life. Before he entered politics, Giolitti was part of the small administrative elite that understood almost all facets of the emerging state apparatus. He entered parliament in 1882, just as financial stress and rising deficits brought on by an agricultural depression and new demands for military and colonial expansion put a premium on economic and bureaucratic expertise. Giolitti made issues of balanced budgets and lower taxes his own; still, he softened demands for austerity by expressions of concern for those Italians who had been left out of the liberal state. He called on the ruling elites to turn inward and to concentrate on domestic policy. This hard message grated on many in the Risorgimento generation who dreamed of a greater Italy. They dismissed Giolitti as a “mere clerk,” at best a good Treasury minister. To their surprise, he turned out to be much more than that.

Giolitti’s rise to the top of the political world began in Mondovì, in the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, where he was born on October 27, 1842. Piedmont was poised to break out of the torpor of the reactionary post–Napoleonic era and to take a leading role in the revolutionary wars of 1848 and in the unification movement of the 1850s. Giolitti’s family on his father’s side had been involved in public life in the Piedmontese province of Cuneo for several generations. His grandfather, Giovanni, had been marginally implicated in the abortive liberal

-11-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Hunchback's Tailor: Giovanni Giolitti and Liberal Italy from the Challenge of Mass Politics to the Rise of Fascism, 1882-1922
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 295

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.