As the writing of this chapter is reaching its conclusion, 11-year-old twins face sentencing for the murder of their father and the shooting of their mother and sister. They also face certain release because of existing statutes against retaining juvenile offenders past their eighteenth birthday. The dilemma facing the judge is “what can be done to treat or rehabilitate two violent children in the remaining six years under court jurisdiction?” How can the values of two young boys very knowledgeable about and fascinated with guns undergo changes that would provide the boys with alternative responses to violence and impulsive action?
Do we have the knowledge to modify violence? Do we have sufficient resources (and time) to change the behavior of violent children? If so, can available interventions transform the child murderer sufficiently to function successfully in society? If the child murderer is transformed, will the public allow the now grown offender to rejoin society in a meaningful manner? Whereas questions are many, definitive answers are few. We will nonetheless address these issues, citing research evidence and experientially based judgments to support the answers that can be given.