American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia

By Edmund S. Morgan | Go to book overview

13
REBELLION

IN 1676 civil war came to Virginia. The chain of events that led to it began in 1675 with an Indian conflict on the Potomac. There the big men had always taken the lead in harassing the Indians. Early in 1662 Colonel Gerald Fowke, a representative of Westmoreland in the House of Burgesses, had been convicted, along with Giles Brent, George Mason, and John Lord, of seizing and imprisoning without cause a king of the Potomac Indians. Fowke and Brent were declared "incapeable of bearing any office civil or millitary in this countrey," and Mason and Lord were suspended from such offices. But somehow their names continued to appear as justices, burgesses, and sheriffs. 1 In I675, when the county of Westmoreland had grown to 538 tithables and adjacent Stafford County to 436, a new round of Indian troubles began.

This time Susquehannahs, Doegs, and Piscattaways were involved. 2 None of them had participated in Berkeley's 1646 Indian

____________________
1
Hening, II, 150-51. Lord and Mason were justices of Westmoreland at the time of the first records that give the composition of the court in I662/3, a year after the assembly's decree. Fowke was the county's representative in the assembly in September, 1663. (Westmoreland III, 6, II, 13, 16, I8, 24, 25, 30, 38, 39; Journals of the House of Burgesses, 1659/60-1693, 21.) Lord was still justice of Westmoreland in 1676. In 1669 Mason was sheriff of Stafford County, formed from Westmoreland in 1664. Warren M. Billings, "Virginia's Deplored Condition 1660-1676: The Coming of Bacon's Rebellion" (unpublished doctoral dissertation, Northern Illinois University, 1968), 245.
2
Doeg may have been a generic term for Maryland Indians, including the Piscattaway and several other tribes. Lurie, "Indian Cultural Adjustment," 42.

-250-

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American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • American Slavery American Freedom - The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia *
  • Contents *
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Book I - The Promised Land *
  • 1 - Dreams of Liberation 3
  • 2 - The Lost Colony 25
  • 3 - Idle Indian and Lazy Englishman 44
  • 4 - The Jamestown Fiasco 71
  • 5 - The Persistent Vision 92
  • 6 - Boom 108
  • Book II - A New Deal *
  • 7 - Settling Down 133
  • 8 - Living with Death 158
  • 9 - The Trouble with Tobacco 180
  • 10 - A Golden Fleecing 196
  • Book III - The Volatile Society *
  • 11 - The Losers 215
  • 12 - Discontent 235
  • 13 - Rebellion 250
  • 14 - Status Quo 271
  • Book IV - Slavery and Freedom *
  • 15 - Toward Slavery 295
  • 16 - Toward Racism 316
  • 17 - Toward Populism 338
  • 18 - Toward the Republic 363
  • Footnote Abbreviations 389
  • Appendix - Population Growth in Seventeenth-Century Virginia 395
  • A Note on the Sources 433
  • Index 443
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