4It is widely assumed that structural changes inherent in industrialization
and urbanization, with consequent bureaucratization and an increase in
"other directedness," have resulted in two major changes in American
religious practice and belief. First it is argued that many more people
outwardly adhere to formal religion and attend church than ever before;
and second, that this increase in formal practice does not reflect greater
religiosity—on the contrary, it is suggested that American religion itself
is now secularized, that it has increasingly adjusted to the sentiments of
the general society.
|It is variously noted that much of religion has become a matter of
private ethical convictions; that the churches are active in secular
affairs; that religious observances have been losing their supernatural or other-wordly character. It is said that religion in America
tends to be religion at a very low temperature.... |
These trends in American religion have been related to the urbanization
and suburbanization of American society that have taken place in the
twentieth century. When the different Protestant sects were geographically isolated from each other, and when immigrant Catholics and Jews____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The First New Nation:The United States in Historical States in Historical and Comparative Perspective.
Contributors: Seymour Martin Lipset - Author.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1979.
Page number: *.
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