The Domestic Assault of Women: Psychological and Criminal Justice Perspectives

By Donald G. Dutton | Go to book overview
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Chapter 2: Explanations for Wife Assault
This conclusion, of course, is based on the assumption that factors from each level directly influence the likelihood of wife assault. As we shall see in Chapter 7, however, the path from societal 'causes' to individual reactions is complicated by indirect causal chains. Causal modelling techniques such as LISREL (Joreskog 1979) make the statistical assessment of such indirect pathways possible and may be required for the eventual test of nested ecological models.

Chapter 3: The Social Psychology of the Wife Assaulter: The Theory
Portions of 'Severe Wife Assault and Deindividuated Violence' are reprinted, by permission, from Victimology (1982), 7(13): 1-4.

Chapter 4: The Social Psychology of the Wife Assaulter: The Research Studies
Data for fifty-four of the men reported here were collected by Jim Browning and constituted his doctoral dissertation. An earlier report on these fifty-four men is reported in Dutton and Browning (1988). The author, Brenda Gerhard, Andrew Gotowiecz, Hamida Hajee, Sally Harrison, Stephen Hart, and Catherine Strachan collected and analyzed data on the additional assaultive males.
Browning and Dutton (1986) found that wives of assaultive husbands report about twice as much husband-wife violence as do their husbands (for Serious Violence Subscale items on the Straus CTS). Except where weapons are implicated, husband-wife correlations on specific items are in the +.32 to +.57 range, indicating considerable disparity in recall of violence.
Originally, the pictures used represented a variety of gender relationships (male-male, male-female, female-female). The results of this original test indicated that between‐ group differences on the need for power seemed to occur only when the pictures depicted male-female relationships (Browning 1983). A second experiment was run (Dutton & Strachan 1987a) using five male-female pictures, in which both the setting and relationship were ambiguous. It is the results from this latter experiment that we report below.
The raters demonstrated agreement with expert scoring (rho = .87, category agreement on power imagery = .93) on 60 test stories (Winter 1973).
The Bonferroni method of correcting alpha for experiment-wise error was used (see Harris 1975).
For a more detailed report on these findings, see Dutton and Strachan (1987a).
For a complete description of this experiment, see Browning (1983) or Dutton and Browning (1988).

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