A New Nuclear Century: Strategic Stability and Arms Control

By Stephen J. Cimbala; James Scouras | Go to book overview
Save to active project

2

REDEFINING STRATEGIC STABILITY

Enhancing strategic stability has been—and continues to be—the central motivation for engaging in nuclear arms control with the Soviet Union during the Cold War and the Russian Federation today. 1 The ABM Treaty, the INF Treaty, and the SALT and START treaties were all heavily influenced by this objective. The contribution to strategic stability comes from the treaty limitations themselves, and less tangibly from the associated verification regimes, implementation experiences, and increased mutual understanding achieved through the decades of negotiations that led to these treaties.

Notwithstanding its imminent demise in June 2002, the ABM Treaty’s prohibition of a national missile defense made an incalculable contribution to strategic stability during the Cold War by averting an offense–defense arms race and by setting the stage for the SALT and START Treaties which first slowed, then reversed the strategic offensive arms buildup. By banning all intermediate-range nuclear missiles, the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty allayed Soviet fears of surprise attack made feasible by short times of flight of Pershing II missiles based in Germany and similar Western European fears of Soviet SS-20 and other intermediate-range ballistic missiles. Data exchanges and onsite inspections associated with the INF Treaty instilled confidence that these missiles were in fact eliminated and no replacement missiles produced. 2

The START I Treaty’s major contributions to stability include a reduction by 50% of Soviet/Russian heavy ICBMs, accountability of mobile ICBMs, and greater predictability in strategic arms associated with its ma-

-25-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A New Nuclear Century: Strategic Stability and Arms Control
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 191

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?