SCHEIDER, MALVINA THOMPSON. See THOMPSON, MALVINA (SCHEIDER).
SCHNEIDERMAN, ROSE (6 April 1882, Saven, Poland–11 August 1972, New York).
Rose Schneiderman, a labor* leader and reformer, is credited with educating Eleanor and Franklin D. Roosevelt* about the labor union movement. Born in Poland, Schneiderman came with her family to the United States in 1890, and began working when she was thirteen, first as a sales clerk, and then in a cap factory, where she helped organize the women in her shop and led a strike for a union shop.
In 1905 she joined the Women’s Trade Union League* (WTUL), in which workers and upper-class reformers joined efforts to improve conditions for working women. In 1910 she became a full-time organizer for the New York branch of the WTUL. She participated in drives to bring women workers into the International Ladies Garment Workers’ Union, taking a position as a national organizer for that union in 1915–1916. She also spoke out for woman suffrage, believing voting rights would help working women achieve protective legislation. In 1917 Schneiderman returned to the WTUL as an organizer, and in 1918 became president of the New York league. She remained in that position until 1949 and also served as president of the national WTUL from 1926 until it disbanded in 1950.
Schneiderman acquired a strong supporter as well as a personal friend when ER joined the league in 1922, shortly after talking with Schneiderman at a fund-raising tea for the league at the home of Dorothy Whitney Straight (Elmhirst*). When ER asked why women should join unions, Schneiderman told her about the treatment of women workers—that