Learning to Win: Sports, Education, and Social Change in Twentieth-Century North Carolina

By Pamela Grundy | Go to book overview
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Grundy, Most Democratic Sport, 4.
For an account of David Thompson's career, see Herakovich, Pack Pride, 88–89. Thompson was also national player of the year in 1975. In 1999 Sports Illustrated editors placed Thompson on their Team of the Ages, anointing him as one of the best five college players of the twentieth century.
Private conversation; Ivory interview, 6.
Some of the dynamic connections between play, sport, and society are analyzed in Huizinga, Homo Ludens, and Geertz, Interpretation of Cultures, 412–53. For a classic account that sets a particular sport in the context of its society, see James, Beyond a Boundary. Numerous works in the growing field of sports history have also begun to draw insightful links between sports and society in the United States. Some of the best are Cahn, Coming on Strong; Festle, Playing Nice; Oriard, Reading Football; Gorn, Manly Art; and Sperber, Onward to Victory.
For accounts of post-Civil War transformations in North Carolina, see Hall et al., Like a Family; Escott, Many Excellent People; Leloudis, Schooling the New South; Hanchett, Sorting Out the New South City; Tullos, Habits of Industry; Greenwood, Bittersweet Legacy; and Gilmore, Gender and Jim Crow. For descriptions of transformations in character and culture that accompanied industrialization elsewhere in the country, see Ryan, Cradle of the Middle Class; Paul E. Johnson, Shopkeeper's Millennium; Kasson, Rudeness and Civility; and Lawrence Levine, Highbrow/Lowbrow.
A detailed, insightful account of the cultural and psychological ramifications of the shift from antebellum schooling to a graded system, as well as the significance that schooling came to assume in postbellum North Carolina, can be found in Leloudis, Schooling the New South; quotes are from ibid., 20, 23. The classic text exploring the ways that schooling shapes character as well as ideas is Durkheim, Moral Education. For an account of the early development of graded school philosophy, see Tyack, One Best System. For the significance that education held for southern African Americans in the postbellum era, see Anderson, Education of Blacks in the South.
The affinities between sports and North Carolina's emerging social and educational institutions fit effectively into Antonio Gramsci's theories of hegemony; they helped weave assumptions about competition, success, and individual achievement so tightly into American culture that they would become almost invisible to many Americans. For a discussion of Gramsci's usefulness for cultural history, see Lears, “Concept of Cultural Hegemony.” For descriptions of the transformation of sports in the modern era as well as arguments about its educational worth, see Huizinga, Homo Ludens, 195–213; Gorn, Manly Art, 179–206; Oriard, Reading Football, 23–56; and Gorn and Goldstein, Brief History of American Sports, 153–82.


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Learning to Win: Sports, Education, and Social Change in Twentieth-Century North Carolina


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