ACADEMICS: members of the Academy, the school of Plato (see PLATO). Its doctrine included elements of Scepticism (see SCEPTICS).
ACHILLES: the hero of the Iliad. He is the best fighter on the Greek side. In XXIII he organizes funeral games for Patroclus.
ACROPOLIS: a rocky plateau, 200 feet high, in the middle of Athens.
ADMETUS: a king of Pherae in Thessaly. Apollo had to work for him for nine years, as a punishment for killing the Cyclops.
AEACUS: one of the three judges in the Underworld.
AESCHINES (about 390-314 B.C.): an Athenian orator. At first he denounced the aggression of Philip of Macedon, but was bribed or otherwise persuaded to support his cause at Athens.
AESOP (sixth century B.C.?): a writer of moral fables about animals.
AGAMEMNON: a king of Mycenae, Commander-in-chief of the Greeks in the Iliad.
AJAX MAJOR: a Greek hero who competed with Odysseus for the right to inherit the arms of Achilles. Odysseus won, and Ajax went mad with disappointment, massacred a flock of sheep, and committed suicide.
AJAX MINOR: a Greek hero who raped Cassandra during the sack of Troy.
ALCINOUS: a king of Phaeacia in the Odyssey. Odysseus repays his hospitality by telling him the story of his adventures (IX-XII).
AMPHIARAUS: an Argive hero and prophet. He was swallowed up by the earth while retreating from an unsuccessful attack on Thebes.
ANACREON (sixth century B.C.): a lyric poet, famous for his love‐ poems and drinking-songs.
ANCHISES: a member of the Trojan royal family. Aphrodite fell in love with him, and slept with him on Mount Ida. Hence Aeneas, the hero of the Aeneid.
ANTIOCHUS SOTER: a king of Syria (281-261 B.C.). He fell in love with his stepmother, Stratonice, and got his father's permission to marry her.