THE INDOCTRINATION OF THE ADULT MIND
THE HEAVY concentration of communist indoctrination efforts on the youth does not mean that the adult population has been allowed to "rot in bourgeois prejudice." While allocating to the schools topmost priority in the making of the new communistic man, the KSČ leaders have done their utmost in the adult sector of the battle for the mind. Since the special measures applied to the Party's own rank and file have already been discussed,1 what is left to consider are the techniques employed for the general public.
The most ubiquitous medium for general indoctrination of the Czechoslovak masses is the radio. Radio listening has always been more widespread in Czechoslovakia than in other countries of Eastern Europe; and there has been a steady and substantial rise in the ownership of radio receivers in the postwar years. By the end of 1952, sets numbering 2,717,000 were reported in Czechoslovakia which contrasted with 887,000 in Hungary and with 1,747,148 in the more populous Poland by the end of 1951.2 With one radio set for each 4 persons in 1959 Czechoslovakia ranked among the most radio-minded nations of Europe.3 Also, as mentioned in Chapter XVIII, the wired radio network has been steadily expanded; the public address systems have been installed after the Soviet fashion in squares, streets, and other public places. Moreover, since radio is the cheapest and most readily available means of entertainment, the habit of regular daily radio listening has become firmly established. Granted daily access into virtually every household in the country, the Czechoslovak broadcasting system thus offers facilities unsurpassed in breadth by any other vehicle of adult indoctrination.____________________