State-Led Modernization and the New Middle Class in Malaysia

By Abdul Rahman Embong | Go to book overview

Index
Abdul Aziz Sheik Fadzir 226n9
Abdul Rahim Kajai 182, 224n8
Abdul Rahman Embong 27, 70, 71, 146, 157, 161, 212n1, 214n4, 218n4
Abdul Razak Hussein 222n5
Abdullah Ahman 222n5
Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munshi 181–2, 224nn4–5
Abu Bakar A. Hamid 177
administrative middle class 3, 19–24, 47–8, 51–7, 62, 65, 211n16
role/responsibilities 22
agricultural sector 35, 36, 37
agricultural workers 2, 3, 5, 38, 41, 63–4, 214n4
see also rural communities
Alatas, Syed Hussein 179–80
Amanah Saham Nasional (ASN) 109
Angkatan Pemuda Insaf (API) 182
Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (APU) 154
Angkatan Wanita Sedar (AWAS) 182
Anwar Ibrahim 7, 158, 163, 164, 167, 198, 226n7
aristocracy 21, 24, 33
see also class structure
Arqam movement 165
asset ownership see lifestyles
balik kampung (visiting home village) 94, 95, 96, 146, 147–8, 194, 221n16
Banfield, E.C. 205
Bangsa Malaysia concept 170, 181, 188–9, 226n8
see alsoMelayu Baru
Bank Bumiputra Malaysia Berhad 215n7
Bank Negara Malaysia (Malaysian Central bank) 76
Banks, D.J. 86
Barisan Alternatif (Alternative Front) (BA) 164, 198, 199, 200
Barisan Nasional (National Front) (BN) 5, 47, 58, 152, 154–5, 157, 163, 164, 166, 183, 198, 223n9
election performance 199, 200
ethnic groups and 157
reform of 200–1
Benda, Harry, J. 21
Beyer, Peter 139–40
birth control see family planning
Bourdieu, Pierre 46
the bourgeoisie 9, 10, 35, 206, 214n9
petit bourgeoisie 10, 26, 39, 40
see also class structure
Britain
as colonial power 19–24, 33–6, 47, 143, 182–3, 213n7
community studies in 127–8, 130
Brown, D. 46, 213n7
Bumiputerasee Malay ethnic group
Bumiputera Economic Congresses 51–2
capitalist class/capitalism 13, 16, 27, 39, 45, 46–7, 168, 178–9, 214n9
Chinese 47, 49, 191–2
definition8
Malay 47–8, 52
see also class structure
car ownership 44–5, 103–7, 217n1
see also consumerism; lifestyles
career patterns 74–7, 80–1, 92–3
children, parents preferred careers for 89–92
of females 81, 91, 215n6
see also occupational structure
Chandra Muzaffar 198, 225n2
children see parenthood
Chinese ethnic group 5–6, 19–20, 35, 47, 171
anti-Chinese attitudes 29, 30, 147
as capitalists 47, 49, 191–2
as middle class 13, 30, 37, 48, 49, 57, 71, 165

-238-

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