The Language of the Civil War

By John D. Wright | Go to book overview
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Kanawha The name originally proposed for the new loyalist state to be taken from the western counties of Confederate Virginia. More practical minds opted to retain a name connection with the historically famous state, replacing Kanawha with West Virginia.

Kangaroo The name of the horse used by General Ulysses S.Grant during the Vicksburg campaign. It was a Confederate steed found on the field at Shiloh in April 1862 and was described as being large and ugly, with a habit of rearing and charging off when mounted. This happened on June 7, 1863, when a drunken Grant mounted Kangaroo and jammed his spurs into the horse. The war correspondent “CAD” CADWALLADER, recalled the horse’s reaction: “Grant literally tore through and over everything in his way. The air was full of dust, ashes and embers from camp fires; and shouts and curses of those he rode down in his race.” Cadwallader tried to catch up with the general “as fast as I could go, but my horse was no match for Kangaroo.” See also Cincinnati; Fox; Jack.

Kearny Cross A bronze cross of valor awarded in posthumous honor of Union Major General Philip Kearny to enlisted personnel in his former command who distinguished themselves during battle. Kearny had been killed on September 1, 1862, and his successor, Brigadier General David B.Birney, instituted the award on March 13, 1863. Those who had been awarded the KEARNY MEDAL could not receive the Cross. One of the first people selected for the Cross was nurse Anna Etheridge, who was known as “MICHIGAN ANNIE.”

Kearny Medal A gold medal awarded in posthumous honor of Union Major General Philip Kearny to officers in his former command who had served with distinction in battle under him. The medal was a cross with a circle containing the words “Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori” [”It is sweet and meet to die for one’s country”] and the name “Kearny” in the center. It was instituted by the officers on November 29, 1862, three months after Kearny’s death in battle, and a few months before the KEARNY CROSS was awarded.

Kearny patch A piece of scarlet cloth worn on the front of the caps of officers and men commanded by Union Major General Philip Kearny, who supposedly had his own red flannel blanket cut up

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