Science & Technology Almanac

By Lynn Lauerman | Go to book overview

DISCIPLINE BY DISCIPLINE:


Earth Sciences

EARTH SCIENCES: NEWS

EARTHQUAKES

Himalayan Area in India on Alert for More Earthquakes

On January 26, 2001, a deadly magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck Bhuj, in northwestern India, killing over 19,000 people. Other regions of India may be in store for far worse. In the August 24, 2001, issue of Science, seismologists Roger Bilham and Vinod Gaur warn that several lines of geophysical evidence point toward one or more impending earthquakes in the Himalayan region of India.

A January 26, 2001, an earthquake causes extensive damage to buildings in Bhuj, located in northwestern India near the epicenter of the quake. The earthquake measured 7.7 on the Richter scale and killed over 19,000 people (AP Photo/Saurabh Das).

The Bhuj earthquake was unique in that it took place in the stable center of a tectonic plate. In contrast, most earthquakes occur along plate boundaries where slabs of crust interact with each other. The plate boundary between India and Eurasia is particularly earthquake prone. For the past 50 million years the Indian subcontinent has been colliding with the Eurasian tectonic plate, pushing up the Himalayas, and building up pressure and strain. In this region strain is not released gradually, but rather, in large violent earthquakes. Some areas of the Himalayas have been

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Science & Technology Almanac
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Preface v
  • Chemistry 41
  • Computers & Internet 63
  • Earth Sciences 87
  • Environment 107
  • Health & Medicine 133
  • Life Sciences 175
  • Mathematics 203
  • Meteorology & the Weather 223
  • Physics 247
  • Technology 259
  • Legislation & Regulation 293
  • Media Watch 297
  • Prizes 311
  • Biographies 337
  • Appendix One 435
  • Appendix Two 439
  • Glossary 468
  • Bibliography 485
  • Index 489
  • About the Editors 514
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