Science & Technology Almanac

By Lynn Lauerman | Go to book overview

INDEX
Please note: Page numbers in boldface indicate major discussion. Those in italics indicate photographs and other illustrations.
a
AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science), 301 , 316 , 391
AAES (American Associations of Engineering Societies), 300
A band (sarcomere), 147
ABC News, 300
Abel, Frederick, 428
Abel, John Jacob, 430
Abel, Niels Henrik, 203
Abel Prize, 203
AbioCor Implantable Replacement Heart, 139 –40
ABIOMED, 139 –40
abortion, 153 , 291
About (Web directory), 73
absolute humidity, 229
absolute magnitude, 29
absolute zero, 253
abstinence (birth control), 152
ac (alternating current), 255
acceleration, 252 , 257 , 258
accessory pigments, 200
accident deaths, 167 –68, 169
ACD (acid citrate dextrose), 150
ACE inhibitor, 150
acetic acid, 59
Achean Era, 194
acid citrate dextrose (ACD), 150
acid rain, 120 , 128 –29
acids, 59 , 62
acquired immune deficiency syndrome See HIV/AIDS
acronyms, computer and Internet, 86
actin, 147
actinides, 47 , 48
actinium, 49
acupressure, 151
acupuncture, 151
acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), 168 , 169
Ada (programming language), 84
adding machine, 427
addresses, e-mail, 73 , 75
adduct muscle, 147
adenine, 186
adenoid, 146
adenosine diphosphate (ADP), 200 , 201
adenosine triphosphate (ATP), 185 , 200 , 201
ADP (adenosine diphosphate), 200 , 201
adrenal glands, 146
adrenaline (epinephrine), 146
Adrian, Edgar Douglas, 331
Advanced Cell Technology, Inc., 191 , 194 –95, 289 –90
Aegyptopithecus,193
aerolites, 31
aerosol can, 427
Afghanistan, 362
Africa
AIDS deaths, 300
continental drift, 97
deforestation, 130
highest elevation, 105
human origins, 192 , 193
largest lakes, 104
longest rivers, 105
lowest elevation, 106
new, emerging, drug-resistant diseases, 170
out of Africa theory, 192
plate tectonics, 98
polio vaccination program, 142
record high and low temperatures, 235
tallest mountains, 105
African Americans
AIDS deaths, 173
birth/death statistics, 166
Bluford, Guion, Jr, 13
cancer survival rates, 172
death rate from assaults, 168
first astronaut in space, 13
infant deaths, 166
life expectancy, 166
peptic ulcer disease, 170
Agassiz, Louis, 337
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), 117
aging, 134
Agricola, Georgius, 337
agriculture, 97
Abelson Prize (2001), 316
crop damage from ozone, 120
effect on rain forest, 91
genetic engineering, 187 , 188
inventions and discoveries, 430 , 431 , 433
Klamath River Basin, 108 –9
output and productivity, by country, 362–409
as pollutant source, 122
A.I. (movie), 298
AICD (automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator), 150
AIDS. See HIV/AIDS
Aiken, Howard, 74 , 337 , 428
airborne illness, 133 –34
air brake, 427
air conditioning, 427
air currents, vortex, 227
Air Force Delta 2 (spacecraft), 22
airplane, 260 , 427
air pollution
acid rain, 120 , 128 –29
airborne illness, 133 –34
air quality, 120 –21
ammonia, 199
Clean Air Act, 128
criteria pollutants, 120 –21
emissions, 118
methanol, 119
ozone, 128
unhealthful days, 120 –21
air pressure, 228 , 229
air pump, 427
airship, 427
air-traffic control system, 300
Akimitsu, Jim, 251
Akubio, 267
Alabama
community water system violations, 121
nitrogen oxide emissions, 128
record high and low temperatures, 232
record precipitation, 240
tornadoes, 239
Alaska, 224 –25
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, 112 –13
community water system violations, 121
earthquake, 101
record high and low temperatures, 232
record precipitation, 240
Albania, 81 , 362
Alberta Science Research Authority, 204
Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award, 312 –13
Alcock, James, 91
alcohols, 62
Alder, Kurt, 319
Aldrin, Edwin E (Buzz), 11 , 337
Alexander Agassiz Medal, 315
Alexander Hollaender Award in Biophysics, 315
Alferov, Zhores Ianovich, 314 , 329
Alfvén, Hannes, 327
alga, 107 , 112 , 175
algebra, 207 , 313
Algeria, 81 , 362
algorithms, 72
alimentary canal, 145
alkali metals, 47 , 48 , 59
alkaline metals, 47 , 59
Allard, Patrick, 90
Allen, Paul, 75
allergic reactions, 150
allotropes, 44
All Things Considered (radio show),301
Alpaca mummies, 301
alphafetoprotein screening test (X-AFP), 154
Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), 16
alpha radiation, 60
Alpher, Ralph Asher, 337
ALRI (acute lower respiratory infection), 169
Altair 8800 (computer), 75
AltaVista (search engine), 73
alternating current (ac), 255
alternative medicine 151 –52
alternator, 427
altitude, 229
Altman, Sidney, 322
altocumulus clouds, 229
altostratus clouds, 229
aluminum, 48 , 49 , 427
Alvarez, Luis W., 337
alveolates, 196
alveoli, 148
Alzheimer’s Disease, 134 –35, 143 , 167 , 168
AMANDA (Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Array), 249 –50
Amazon rain forest, 91
American Anthropological Association, 288
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 301 , 316 , 391
American Associations of Engineering Societies (AAES), 300
American Indians, 173
American National Standards Institute, 75
American Physical Society, 2
American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII), 75
America Online (AOL), 67 , 75
americium, 49
Ames, Bruce, 337
ammo acids
crystal growth, 43
DNA codons, 186 , 187
DNA sequencing, 186
life’s origins, 191
organic compounds, 62
proteins, 184
ribosomes, 185
ammo ketone, 177
Ammermann, Eberhard, 278
ammonia, 59 , 119 , 191
ammonites, 96
amniocentesis, 154
Amor asteroids, 30
amorphous solids, 46
Ampère, André, 337
amperes, 255 , 258
amphibians
endangered and threatened species, 126
evolutionary emergence, 194
geological time scale, 96
taxonomy, 195
amplitude, 256
AMS (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer), 16
amygdala, 149
amyloid protein, 135
anabolic steroid, 115
anacondas, 200
analgesic drug, 150
analog computer, 72
analogous structures, 195
analysis, mathematical, 207
Analytical Engine, 73
Anderson, Carl David, 324
Anderson, David, 294
Anderson, Philip W., 327
Anderson, W.French, 429
Andorra, 362
androstenedione, 115
Anel, Dominique, 433
anemia, 117 , 118 , 120
aneroid barometer, 229
anesthetic, 150 , 427
Anfinsen, Christian, B., 320
angioplasty, 150
angiosperms, 195 , 200 , 201
angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, 150
angle of incidence, 257
angles, 207 , 209
Angola, 81 , 363
animals, 197 –99
accumulation of chemicals, 114 –15

-489-

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