Strategies for Natural Language Processing

By Wendy G. Lehnert; Martin H. Ringle | Go to book overview
Save to active project

understand only situations for which it has a sketchy script, and there are some situations for which no sketchy script can be written. For example, FRUMP cannot understand editorials, which often explain a heretofore unrealized consequence of adopting the right or wrong position. There is no way to anticipate these novel, unforeseen ramifications at the time the sketchy script is written.

However, this does not argue that FRUMP's organization cannot be applied to a larger class of articles. It is a weakness of FRUMP's PREDICTOR module, not a breakdown in the PREDICTOR/SUBSTANTIATOR dialogue, that makes understanding these articles impossible for FRUMP. A more powerful PREDICTOR that can provide the SUBSTANTIATOR module with accurate characterizations of possible inputs for these stories is needed. With a more powerful PREDICTOR, FRUMP-like parsing could be applied to a much larger class of text inputs.


This work was supported in part by the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense and monitored by the Office of Naval Research under contract N00014-75-C-1111.


Bobrow D. G., Kaplan R. M., Kay M., Norman D. A., Thompson H., & Winograd T. ( 1977) "GUS, a frame driven dialog system". Artificial Intelligence, 8(No. 1).

Brown J. S., & Burton R. R. ( 1975) "Multiple representations of knowledge for tutorial reasoning". In D. Bobrow & A. Collins (Eds.), Representation and understanding. New York: Academic Press.

Burton R. R. ( 1976) "Semantic grammar: An engineering technique for constructing natural language understanding systems" (BBN Report 3453, ICAI Report 3). Cambridge, Mass.: Boll, Beranek, and Newman.

Charniak E. ( 1972) Toward a model of children's story comprehension (AITR-226). Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, Mass.

Charniak E. ( 1977) "Ms. Malaprop, a language comprehension program". Proceedings of the Fifth IJCAI, Cambridge, Mass.

Cullingford R. ( 1978) Script application: Computer understanding of newspaper stories. Doctoral thesis, Yale University, New Haven.

DeJong G. ( 1979) Skimming stories in real time. Doctoral thesis, Yale University, New Haven.

Epstein M. N., & Walker D. E. ( 1978) Natural language access to a melanoma data base (SRI Tech. Note 171, Menlo Park, Calif.).

Kaplan R. M. ( 1975) "On process models for sentence analysis". In D. A. Norman & D. E. Rumelhart (Eds.), Explorations in cognition. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

Marcus M. ( 1977) "A theory of syntactic recognition for natural language". Unpublished doctoral thesis, MIT, Cambridge, Mass.

McGuire R. ( 1977) "Concepts and memory in natural language generation". Unpublished internal paper, Yale Al Group.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Strategies for Natural Language Processing
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 533

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?