Syria: Society, Culture, and Polity

By Richard T. Antoun; Donald Quataert | Go to book overview
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Administration of Syria: map, xxi; under Hafiz al-Asad, 101-102
Aflaq, Michel, 98-99
aghas (military chiefs), 15-16
Alawis, xv, 7-10, 26-27, 31, 31-35, 41-42, 97, 107, 109, 139n; elite, 43, 45; and military, 46; power of, 11; and religious ideology and organization, 49-61 passism; and stratified view of religion, 53-57; theological beliefs of, 9, 51-57; and tribal structure, 60
Aleppo, viii, 15, 19, 36, 102, 108, 139n; population of, xix, 2
Arab nationalism, vii, 3, 18-19, 21, 134n; and pan-Arabism, 118
Army, 27; Ba'thization of, 35; officers, 31-32, 34; Syrian, 8-9, 26, 109
Asad, Hafiz al-, xiii, 6, 27, 35, 77, 97- 110 passim; and Gorbachev, 111- 129 passim; and intra-party coup, 36; and leadership style, 105-106; and policy of strategic balance, 115-116; as religious leader, 61; and state formation, 39-42, 47, 104
ashraf (descendants of the Prophet), 15
Ba'th Party, vii, xv, 3, 26, 35, 63, 71; and agriculture, 37-38; and army, 33; and central committee, 100; and corrective movement, 77-78; and Hafiz al-Asad, 98; institutions of, 99-101; and Marxism-Leninism, 33, 46; and neo-Ba'thists, 64, 71- 72, 75, 77-78, 99; origins of, 30-33; philosophy of, 80; radical, 29, 47, 74; and reforms, 36-39; and regional command, 99; and relations with the state, 101-105; and revolution from above, 33-36; and women, 81
Batatu, Hanna, viii, 7, 9, 25
Bitar, Salah al-Din, 98
Bourdieu, Pierre, 69
Britain and Syria, xiii Capitalism, 68; and entrepreneurialism, 69; and state formation, 31
Carter, Jimmy: and Camp David diplomacy, 113, 115
Christianity, 51; and Christian rituals, 50
Circassians, 1
Class/es in Syria, 1, 38-39, 141n; and the bourgeoise, 35, 39-40, 44; and Ba'th Party, 33; and conflict, 30- 33, 47; and land reform, 63-77 passim; lower middle, 26, 33; and middle class radicalism, 33; models of, 3; new middle, 31; and sects, 46-47; and the state, 29-47 passim; Syrian upper, 18; urban middle, 34, 40
Cleveland, William, viii
Coon, Carleton, 2
Culture: and honor, 86, 145n; Syrian political, 13-27 passim


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