We Have No Leaders: African Americans in the Post-Civil Rights Era

By Robert C. Smith; Ronald W. Walters | Go to book overview

2
The National Black Political Convention, 1972-84

The proximate historical roots of the 1970s convention process may be traced to the black power rebellion sparked by Stokely Carmichael and the SNCC on the 1966 Meredith March in Mississippi. 1 The black power symbol stimulated a critical debate on the future of black politics in the post—civil rights era, in some ways as important as the nineteenth-century debate between Washington and DuBois on the future of the race in the post-Reconstruction era. Black power essentially represented a variety of reformist black nationalism, appealing to race group consciousness and solidarity, cultural revitalization and independent organization as means to establish blacks as an independent force in American politics. 2 This essential meaning of black power was obscured in the initial historically and contextually uninformed debate surrounding the symbol. First, the press coverage was generally slanted, painting black power as a dangerous form of radical black separatism. Second, both the black and white political establishments, reacting to some extent to the slanted press coverage, distorted the import of black power; Roy Wilkins and Whitney Young for example charged extremism and "racism in reverse." And finally, at the time of the Meredith March Carmichael and his colleagues did not themselves have a clear understanding of black power's significance. Caught off guard by the immediacy of the slogan's rise to national prominence, it was, as Carson writes, "only after Carmichael attracted national attention as an advocate of black power did he begin to construct an intellectual rationale for what initially was an inchoate statement of conclusions drawn from SNCC's work."3 Then, in a series of articles and the book with Charles Hamilton, Carmichael elaborated a pragmatic black power formulation that was essentially a race version of the familiar interest group, pluralist model of American politics, which called for the mobilization of the groups' resources so that blacks could become an independent force, capable of extracting concessions within the pressure-group-based American polity. 4

Within a year, however, Carmichael had abandoned this reformist variety of black nationalism and his name (becoming Kwame Toure),

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
We Have No Leaders: African Americans in the Post-Civil Rights Era
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 396

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.