ing of the legislation, could not be disassociated from Dirksen's eventual decision to work for a strong bill. But these external pressures could have been counterproductive if the minority leader had not been given the chance to demonstrate
As with most legislative decisions, it was a question of
balance. Dirksen had to understand the determination of
the civil rights forces, particularly those inside the Senate, to
enact a meaningful and effective bill. But the process of communicating this message could not be permitted to grow into a
campaign of overt pressure or personal intimidation.
John G. Stewart, Independence and Control: The Challenge of Senatorial Party Leadership (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1968). This section is from ch. 6, pp. 206- 254.
Theodore H. White, The Making of the President 1964
( New York: Atheneum Publishers, 1965), pp. 182-183. See
also Revolution in Civil Rights ( Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1965), pp. 39, 51.
U.S., Congress, Senate, Standing Rules of the United
States Senate, corrected to January 9, 1963, VIII, 10.
Staff memorandum to Senator Mansfield on organizational work of proponents of civil rights bill, March 9, 1964.
John G. Stewart, Independence and Control: The
Challenge of Senatorial Party Leadership (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1968), pp. 143-144.
Staff memorandum to Senator Mansfield on procedure, August 15, 1963, Washington, D.C.
Staff memorandum on procedure, January 22,
1964, Washington, D.C.
Congressional Record, CX, p. 2774. The relevant sec
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Civil Rights Act of 1964:The Passage of the Law That Ended Racial Segregation.
Contributors: Robert D. Loevy - Editor, Hubert H. Humphrey - Author, Joseph L. Rauh Jr. - Author, John G. Stewart - Author.
Publisher: State University of New York Press.
Place of publication: Albany, NY.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 264.
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