Black American Women Poets and Dramatists

By Harold Bloom | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Georgia Douglas Johnson

GEORGIA DOUGLAS CAMP JOHNSON was born on September 10, 1886, to George and Laura Jackson Camp in Atlanta, Georgia. Johnson attended public schools in Atlanta and went on to Atlanta University. She later attended Howard University in Washington, D.C., and the Oberlin Conservatory of Music in Ohio. She married Henry Lincoln Johnson in 1903. They had two sons, Henry Lincoln, Jr., and Peter Douglas.

Johnson was capable of great periods of creativity, and her interests were as varied as her efforts were concentrated. As early as 1905 her poetry appeared in the Voice of the Negro and later in the Crisis and other periodicals. Her first book, The Heart of a Woman, did not appear until 1918. She was characterized by critics as a black feminist poet, although her early poems do not focus on themes of race or politics. She was essentially of the genteel school and much overshadowed by Sara Teasdale. Her poems, like Teasdale's, are generally conventional in form, romantic in tone, and short in length.

Johnson's second volume of poetry, Bronze, was published in 1922. These poems are marked by a clear development of racial consciousness and a focus on black history. By the time Bronze was published, Johnson had fallen in with a circle of black notables, such as W. E. B. Du Bois, Countee Cullen, Sterling Brown, Benjamin Brawley, James Weldon Johnson, and others. This volume was more widely read and more favorably reviewed than her first. When Johnson's husband died in 1925, she took on greater financial responsibilities, but her literary career was not dramatically affected. Both of her sons were attending Dartmouth and her literary gatherings were still growing in number. In 1927 Johnson won the Opportunity prize for her one‐ act play Plumes and in the same year produced her drama Blue Blood in New York.

Johnson's third collection of poetry, An Autumn Love Cycle, was published in 1928. It represents something of a departure from Bronze. The author returns to her earlier themes of love and loss. During the depression, however, Johnson focused primarily on the writing of drama that addressed racial and


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Black American Women Poets and Dramatists


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 247

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?