Assessing Federal Research and Development for Hazard Loss Reduction

By Charles Meade; Megan Abbott | Go to book overview

Chapter Three
CHARACTERIZING THE R&D EFFORT
In Chapter Two, we described our process for identifying the allocation of federal R&D dollars for hazard loss reduction activities. We found that at the most basic level, the largest R&D effort is devoted to weather-related hazards, with seismic hazards trailing well behind. In this chapter, we expand on these initial observations to develop a more comprehensive portrait of the federal prioritization of R&D that contributes to hazard loss reduction.Because many types of R&D programs are supported by the federal government, it is useful to analyze the range of goals for hazard loss activities. This type of analysis provides information on the types of losses addressed by R&D, the balance between applied and basic research efforts, and the mechanisms for transitioning basic research to applications. With this information, one can begin to assess the payoffs from R&D investments and the effects of different R&D strategies.We begin by constructing a framework characterizing the range of research programs. Using the data from Chapter Two, we map the R&D expenditures against the programs in this framework and identify the types of efforts that receive the largest share of funding.
TYPES OF R&D PROGRAMS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO HAZARD LOSS
REDUCTION
To examine the goals and missions for the programs listed in Table 2.4, we divide the programs into three categories:
Hazard loss reduction programs. These programs, shown in Table 2.2, focus solely on R&D that produces knowledge or technologies to diminish hazard losses.
Basic and applied research programs. Housed largely within NSF, these programs are usually organized on a disciplinary basis, e.g., oceanography or structural engineering. Applied research programs (e.g., NSF's earthquake engineering efforts) often have a direct link between R&D and hazard loss reduction. However, in basic research programs, the link can be indirect. For example, research that improves knowledge of ocean processes can enhance understanding of hurri

-27-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Assessing Federal Research and Development for Hazard Loss Reduction
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures vii
  • Tables ix
  • Summary xi
  • Acronyms xvii
  • Chapter One - Introduction and Background 1
  • Chapter Two - Quantifying R&d for Hazard Loss Reduction 11
  • Chapter Three - Characterizing the R&d Effort 27
  • Chapter Four - The Policy Challenge for Hazard Loss R&d 35
  • Chapter Five - Summary and Conclusions 51
  • Appendix - Sample Radius Record 59
  • References 61
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 65

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.