To summarize, the study has five major findings. First, repetitive deployments will continue as a result of the war on terrorism, and the Army should consider how to manage its people accordingly. Second, more than ever, the Army needs a range of force capabilities—from SOF to MCO. Third, leveraging the transformation for the war means more capable yet mobile light forces that can be readily tailored, as well as exploring modified capabilities of light-medium forces, drawing on innovations from the ongoing transformation. Fourth, if the Army adds force structure, it should focus on scarce LD/HD assets rather than TO&E units to satisfy competing demands of homeland security and the war on terrorism. Last, the Army has a large stake in any global basing not only for combat forces, but also for support.
Perhaps the biggest overall challenge for the Army is to provide the capabilities the nation demands for the war on terrorism while continuing to meet its many other responsibilities. Balancing these efforts and the risks entailed will be a central feature of Army decisionmaking in the years ahead. Drawing on its existing and transforming force structure, the Army can avail itself now of opportunities to meet that challenge.