Giving the age of something according to a calendar or historic scale, e.g. BC, AD, BP. This is also referred to a chronometric dating
|Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS):|
An advanced radiocarbon dating method which can work for tiny samples
Position or prestige in society earned through one’s own efforts or qualities
Locating and defining archaeological sites from the air. Photographing cropmarks and parchmarks during drought conditions usually produces the best results
Where there is insufficient oxygen for the bacteria, which normally break down organic matierals to thrive, for example waterlogged sites
Interpreting something with reference to something else. For example, ‘it is similar to X’
Belief in spirits
The study of humans. It has many subdivisions including Archaeology and Ethnography
What survives in the ground before excavation or the records produced by archaeologists after the whole excavation and analysis process
The study of physical remains to help understand the behaviour of people in the past
The application of scientific analysis to archaeological materials.
Can refer to anything made or modified by humans. Tends to be used most frequently for tools.