Principles of Environmental Economics: Economics, Ecology and Public Policy

By Ahmed M. Hussen | Go to book overview
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Index

a
absolute scarcity 27 , 53 , 118 , 136
acid rain 94 , 231 , 254 , 260 -3, 269 -70, 274 -5
aerosols 271 , 272 , 276
Africa 119 , 120 , 399 , 402 , 412;
see also Nigeria agricultural land 12 , 26 , 51 , 52 -3;
distribution of 413 ;
immutably fixed 116
agriculture 10 , 140 , 282 -3, 412 ;
chemical use 277 ;
significant implications for 273
air quality 236 -7, 238 , 291 , 293 ;
improved 290 , 294 ;
indoor 206 , 207
Alaska 351 , 355
Alliance of Small Island Nations 277 , 278
allocation of resources 6 , 21 , 60 , 96 , 162 , 171 , 239 , 388 ;
cost-effective 249 , 256 ;
efficiency in 101 , 103 , 187 , 324 ;
inefficient 102 , 327 ;
inter-temporal 370 -81, 387 ;
market forces can direct 355 ;
nonrenewable 371 -81, 386 ;
optimal 384 ;
relegated to public authorities 353 ;
socially optimal 59 , 249 , 350 , 387 ;
societal 165 , 324 ;
time and xxxi , 324 , 356 ;
see also misallocation of resources
Alper, J. 19
Antarctica 271 , 272 , 276 , 277
Anthes, R.A. 272
anthropocentrism 5 - 6 , 9 , 187 , 216 , 300
appreciation 382
Arrow, K. 152 , 158
assets 206 ;
alternative 382 , 383 ;
capital 182 , 183 , 187 , 195 ;
natural 10 , 192 , 193 ;
productive 294 ;
recycling 167 -8;
renewable 183 ;
time-dated 381 ;
see also environmental assets
assimilative capacity 91 -5, 156 , 202 , 205 , 209
atmosphere 68 , 70 , 79 ;
cycles 72 , 79 ;
pollution 72 , 94 , 187 , 269 -83
Austria 276 , 280
Ausubel, Jesse H. 139 -40
average product curve 118
aversive expenditures 298
Ayres, R.U. 163
Azar, Jack 167 -8

b
Bangladesh 148
Barnett, H.J. 48 , 137 -9, 140 , 142 , 143 , 144
Baumol, William J. 105 , 143 , 327
Benedick, R.E. 276
benefits 33 , 98 , 287 - 314 , 318 , 406 , 409 ;
assessment/evaluation of 59 - 60 , 99 , 100 ;
environmental 95 , 280 ;
expected 408 ;
external 100 , 130 ;
forgone 102 ;
future 318 , 371 , 386 ;
loss in 102 ;
marginal 407 , 408 ;
not shared evenly 411 ;
private 30 , 32 , 100 ;
short-term 328 ;
social 32 , 100 , 294 , 371 , 375 ;
see also cost-benefit analysis;
MNB;
MPB;
MSB
Bernauer, T. 281
biodiversity 74 , 189 ;
loss of 157 , 158
bioeconomic model see steady-state bioeconomic model
biogeochemical cycles 72
biology 68 , 77 ;
cycles 70 , 72 , 79
biological resources xxviii , 336 -9, 342
biomass 73 , 74 , 189 , 350 ;
growth in 337 -46
biophysical factors xxix , 113 -75, 343
biosphere 68 , 81 ;
economic returns from 5 - 6 ;
equilibrium 74 ;
human economy as subsystem of 79 ;
survival of 79
biotic components 68 , 69 , 70 , 71 , 74
birth rates 146 , 147 -8, 171 , 401
Bishop, R.C. 189
Bodansky, D. 278
Bolin, B. 158
Boulding, Kenneth 153 , 157 , 159 , 160 -1, 163 , 164
Boyce, J.K. 146
Brazil 399 , 415 ;
Amazonia 36 , 37
Britain 270 , 275 , 279 , 280 ;
see also England
Brown, G.M. 42
Brown, Lester 119 , 130
Browner, Carol 236
Brundtland Commission Report (1987) 179 -80, 181
Bruyn, S.M. 146
Buenos Aires conference (1998) 263

-421-

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