Business, Information Technology and Society

By Stephen D. Tansey | Go to book overview
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Glossary

Including acronyms and abbreviations
Words or acronyms in italics are explained in a separate entry.
AI Artificial Intelligence.
Analogue Prior to digital technology, electronic transmission was limited to analogue technology, which conveys data as electronic signals of varying frequency or amplitude that are added to carrier waves of a given frequency. Broadcast and telephone transmission originally used analogue technology (cf. digital).
Applications Programs other than an operating system are called applications.
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange - standard method of translating alphabetical and numerical characters and other symbols into binary numbers.
ASP Application Service Provider - is a company that hosts and manages business applications on behalf of a client. These applications can vary from basic e-mail to extremely complex and demanding applications such as ERP and CRM.
Availability The percentage of time a system is operating efficiently.
Backbone The major artery of a distributed system. At the local level, a backbone is a line or set of lines that local area networks connect to. On a wide area network, a backbone is a set of paths that local or regional networks connect to for long-distance interconnection.
Bandwidth The bandwidth of a transmitted communications signal is a measure of the range of frequencies the signal occupies. Animated videos, large sound files, and some computer programs require a great deal of bandwidth, and can sometimes cause the system to slowdown in performance.
Banners Can either be an image that announces the name or identity of a site (and often is spread across the width of the web page) or an advertising image. Advertisers sometimes count banner ‘views’, or the number of times a banner graphic image was downloaded over a period of time.
BASIC Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (computer language).

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