Including acronyms and abbreviationsWords or acronyms in italics are explained in a separate entry.
|AI Artificial Intelligence. |
|Analogue Prior to digital technology, electronic transmission was limited to analogue technology, which conveys data as electronic signals of varying frequency or amplitude that are added to carrier waves of a given frequency. Broadcast and telephone transmission originally used analogue technology (cf. digital). |
|Applications Programs other than an operating system are called applications. |
|ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange - standard method of translating alphabetical and numerical characters and other symbols into binary numbers. |
|ASP Application Service Provider - is a company that hosts and manages business applications on behalf of a client. These applications can vary from basic e-mail to extremely complex and demanding applications such as ERP and CRM. |
|Availability The percentage of time a system is operating efficiently. |
|Backbone The major artery of a distributed system. At the local level, a backbone is a line or set of lines that local area networks connect to. On a wide area network, a backbone is a set of paths that local or regional networks connect to for long-distance interconnection. |
|Bandwidth The bandwidth of a transmitted communications signal is a measure of the range of frequencies the signal occupies. Animated videos, large sound files, and some computer programs require a great deal of bandwidth, and can sometimes cause the system to slowdown in performance. |
|Banners Can either be an image that announces the name or identity of a site (and often is spread across the width of the web page) or an advertising image. Advertisers sometimes count banner ‘views’, or the number of times a banner graphic image was downloaded over a period of time. |
|BASIC Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (computer language). |
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Business, Information Technology and Society.
Contributors: Stephen D. Tansey - Author.
Place of publication: London.
Publication year: 2003.
Page number: 230.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.