Higher Education through Open and Distance Learning

By Keith Harry | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Chapter 3

The impact of telecommunications

Robin Mason
Electronic communication by written message, by audio interaction and by video exchange comprises the field of educational telecommunications. The technologies which correspond to these different means of communication vary considerably, and as they are currently the focus of intense research and development, they are always changing. There are three broad categories within which current technologies that support distance education can be divided:
1 text-based systems, including electronic mail, computer conferencing, real-time chat systems, fax, and many uses of the Web;
2 audio-based systems such as audioconferencing and audiographics, and audio on the Web;
3 video-based systems such as videoconferencing, one way and two way, video on the Internet with products like CUSeeMe, Web-casting and other visual media such as video clips on the Web.
The implication of this list is that text, audio and video are discrete media. While this is partially true today, the evolution of all these systems is towards integration—of real-time and asynchronous access, of resource material and communication, of text and video: in short, of writing, speaking and seeing. The fourth category and the best illustration of this convergence is:
4 the Web, which integrates text, audio and video, both as pre-prepared clips and as live interactive systems, both real time and stored to be accessed later, and furthermore which provides text-based interaction as well as access to educational resources of unprecedented magnitude.

Pedagogical advantages of telecommunications

It is no coincidence that the use of telecommunications media in education is growing at the same time as education budgets are decreasing. Nevertheless,


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Higher Education through Open and Distance Learning
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 308

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?