|• the major institutions and consortia of contemporary distance education are in the European Union;|
|• one of the fundamental changes in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in 1989 was the disappearance of the former well-established system of distance education, which had a specifie function within the socialist system and was rapidly replaced by the re-establishment of traditional university systems;|
|• because of its political and economic power, the European Union also sets the agenda for the development of distance education in European countries outside the Union, for example, through programmes such as PHARE or TEMPUS, which include substantial training activities for future distance education experts in Central and Eastern Europe. And in countries with which negotiations for full membership (Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovenia) start in 1998, the main lines of European Union policy are already being followed.|
Other countries like Norway and Switzerland are associated with programmes of the European Union promoting distance education. Only the
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Publication information: Book title: Higher Education through Open and Distance Learning. Contributors: Keith Harry - Editor. Publisher: Routledge. Place of publication: London. Publication year: 1999. Page number: 244.
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