Spain, 1914-1918: Between War and Revolution

By Francisco J. Romero Salvadó | Go to book overview

8

THE END OF AN ERA

The collapse of the Turno Pacífico and the search for a new political settlement

The collapse of the general strike constituted the failure of political reform from below. Yet if the Canovite system resisted that attack, its governing elites found it impossible to put back the clock of history. The first ever political initiative led by the Socialists heralded the arrival of mass politics and social mobilization. The old-fashioned Liberalism represented by the dynastic parties owed its survival to the military. Henceforth the permanence of the liberal monarchy would rest on the goodwill of the repressive forces of the state. The army had stopped the revolution but who was going to stop the army?

The victory of the Conservative government was short-lived. The Dato administration was soon to realize that it was living on borrowed time. Quashing the general strike had offered a temporary respite, yet once the revolutionary spasm of August was over, the government found itself back in the situation of July: isolated, discredited and loathed by nearly all the social and political forces of the country.

All the attempts made by the government to link the Assembly with the revolutionary movement failed. The bourgeoisie under the leadership of Cambó returned to the attack, resuming its activities. On 30 August, Cambó declared to El Heraldo de Madrid that the general strike had been a foolish action which had only served to delay and obstruct the offensive mounted in July. He denied having supported or encouraged the movement and even added that a general strike was an old-fashioned political method which was always bound to fail. Cambó was seeking to distance himself from his ‘embarrassing’ and now defeated partners on the left and also stress the moderation and seriousness of his alternative.

The Catalan leader was singled out by the cabinet as the mastermind of the antigovernmental offensive and the main political threat to their continuity in office. From the Conservative organ La Epoca, Cambó and his plans were continually criticized or ridiculed. His initiative was described as a recipe for civil war, and he was portrayed as a skilful but unprincipled politician who had tried to exploit the unsophisticated working classes. Now that they

-135-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Spain, 1914-1918: Between War and Revolution
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgements xi
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - The Outbreak of War 5
  • 3 - The Romanones Administration 27
  • 4 - The Romanones Administration 60
  • 5 - The Gathering Storm 85
  • 6 - Two Parliaments in One Country 100
  • 7 - The Hot August of 1917 120
  • 8 - The End of an Era 135
  • 9 - The Year 1918 150
  • 10 - Epilogue 179
  • Notes 193
  • Bibliography 221
  • Index 230
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 240

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.