Infant Development: Ecological Perspectives

By Hiram E.Fitzgerald; Katherine Hildebrandt Karraker et al. | Go to book overview

Subject Index

a
adaptive fathering:
definition of, 205
adolescent parents:
characteristics of, 130 ;
consequences of 125 ;
diversity of 123 ;
and educational attainment 131 ;
and financial resources 126 ;
history of abuse 123 , 128 ;
knowledge of childrearing 130 ;
and number of children 126 ;
positive influences on 129 ;
and psychological adjustment 127 , 130 ;
and rearing contexts 124 ;
and single parenthood 126 ;
characteristics of children:
infant temperament 134 ;
parenting 134 :
sources of stress and support 131 :
domestic violence 133 ;
neighborhood context 132 ;
number of children 132 ;
poverty 131 ;
social support 133
African-American:
families 306 ;
and kinship roles in parenting 93 ;
infants 17 , 19 ;
parents 259 ;
and structural discrimination 306 , 307
alcohol:
alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorder 229 ;
fetal alcohol effects 229 ;
fetal alcohol syndrome 229 ;
and postnatal symptoms 235 ;
prenatal exposure to 229 , 231 ;
typologies 233
alcoholism:
alcohol specific risk factors 225 ;
and the central nervous system disinhibition/hyperexcitabillity hypothesis 227 ;
and children’s risky behaviors 232 ;
and children’s risky environments 232 ;
and cortisol 230 ;
and difficult temperament 228 , 231 ;
effects of experience 230 ;
etiology of 224 ;
heritability of 225 , 231 ;
in mothers and daughters 234 ;
and maternal depression 230 ;
nestedness of risk factors 233 , 234 ;
non-alcohol specific risk factors 225 ;
and psychobiological markers for risk 226 ;
sensitive periods during etiology 230
attention-mapping hypothesis 50
attention following:
and the match hypothesis 51 ;
and the stimulation hypothesis 53
attention switching: 50 , 51 , 53

b
behavioral genetics 171
birthweight specific mortality 4
Body mass index (BMI) 64
breast feeding:
and low birthweight infants 72
breast milk:
composition of 67

c
catastrophic stessors:
threats to child’s thought processes 260
change models 308 - 309
cognitive development:
and the prediction phenomenon 35 , 36 ;
and maternal didactic interactions 46 , 48
cognitive performance:
and visual habituation 47
cognitive structures:
autobiographical memory 237 , 239 ;
memory for familiar events 239 , 240 ;
representations 238 ;
schemas 237 , 241
competent infant:
as active infant 169 ;
history of 168 , 170 ;
and individual differences 168 , 173
COPS for KIDS 265 , 266

d
day care 99
dynamic systems 43

e
early childhood intervention:
approaches to research 279 - 280 ;
definition of 275 ;
and difficult families 278 ;
effects of 276 ;
experimenter effects 280 ;
hands off approach 281 ;
home visitor approaches 284 , 288 ;
impact of caregiver 286 ;
importance of relationships 283 , 284 ;
and integrated systems of child care 288 ;
kitchen sink approach 279 ;
plans of action 277 ;
and program evaluation 281 ;
and randomized trials 280 ;
and welfare reform 277
early childhood program:
and adult-child relationships 100
ecological approaches 3
ecological model components:
environmental context 303 , 310 ;
person 303 , 310 ;
process 303 , 310 ;
proximal process 303 ;
time 303 , 310
ecological perspectives:
on development 84 ;
ecosystems 85 ;
implication of 105 , 106 ;
and life course theory 85
emotion 10 ;
assessment of preterm infants 10 ;
and caregiver sensitivity 11 ;
state regulation in preterm infants 10 ;
temperament and preterm 10
environmental influences:
and parenting practices 177 ;
shared 176 ;
non-shared 176
exposure to toxic substances:
methymercury 65 ;
pesticides 66 ;
polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) 65
event relatedness:
and action schemas 236 , 237 ;
contingency awareness 236 ;
and decision rules 237

f
failure to thrive 68
Family and Medical Leave Act 154 , 157
father research:
difficulties accessing 212 ;
and ecological models 216 ;
establish-

-326-

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