the McMillan sisters. Dewey, Isaacs and Neill. It has found frequent expression in private schools, from the more widely-known such as Abbotsholme and Bedales to a multitude of suburban kindergartens. It has appeared and reappeared in state education, its practice documented by teachers such as Holmes (1952) and Tustin (1950) and advocated both by educational writers (for example, Caldwell Cook, 1917; Catty, 1949) and by official reports, in particular, the Hadow Report (CCBE, 1931), and the Plowden Report (CACE, 1967). More recently, it has run as one thread through all the recent surveys of primary and middle schools by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate and through the Report of the Education, Science and Arts Committee (1986), notwithstanding the fact that they are set in the context of accountability, assessment and cuts in resources. It supports the notion that classrooms can be places in which pupils are actively engaged in constructing their own learning and solving their own problems, guided and assisted by teachers with whom they enjoy a relaxed but mutually respectful relationship, exploring many aspects of human experience without losing hold of ‘the basic skills’. In this sense it is not radical.
CACE (CENTRAL ADVISORY COUNCIL FOR EDUCATION) (ENGLAND) (1967) Children and their Primary Schools (the Plowden Report) 2 vols., London, HMSO.
CALDWELL COOK, H. (1917) The Play Way: An Essay in Educational Method, London, Heinemann.
CATTY, N. (1949) Learning and Teaching in the Junior School, 1st edn., London, Methuen.
CCBE (CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION) (1931) The Primary School (the Hadow Report), London, HMSO.
EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND ARTS COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS (1986) Achievement in Primary Schools, London, HMSO.
HMI (1983) 9-13 Middle Schools: An Illustrative Survey, London, HMSO.
HOLMES, R.G. (1952) The Idiot Teacher, London, Faber and Faber.
NIAS, J. (1988) On Becoming and Being a Teacher, London, Methuen.
ROWLAND, S. (1984) The Enquiring Classroom, Lewes, Falmer Press.
TUSTIN, F. (1950) A Group of Juniors, London, Heinemann.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Study of Primary Education:A Source Book.
Contributors: Marion Dadds - Compiler, Brenda Lofthouse - Compiler.
Publisher: Falmer Press.
Place of publication: London.
Publication year: 1990.
Page number: 46.
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