Population Growth and Agricultural Change in Africa

By B. L. Turner; Goran Hyden et al. | Go to book overview

4 / Defending the Promise of Subsistence: Population Growth and Agriculture in the West Usambara Mountains, 1920-1980

Steven Feierman

The site of this study is the West Usambara Mountains of northern Tanzania. The time frame begins in the mid-1920s, when land was more plentiful than at any other time in the twentieth century, and continues through the late 1970s. Comments will also be made on agriculture in 1890 (as German conquest was beginning). There are by now many local studies on agriculture in the West Usambara Mountains. All describe agricultural production under conditions of extreme land scarcity; all agree that the land is incapable of carrying the number of people who live on it given current technology; and all conclude that the problem gets worse with passing years because of erosion, the impoverishment of the soil, and population growth ( Attems 1967, 1968; Heijnen 1974; Egger and Glaeser 1975; Schönmeier 1977; Fleuret 1978; Glaeser 1980, 1984; Sender n.d.).

In the 1950s the British district authorities attacked the agricultural problems head on by requiring that peasants take vigorous measures for erosion control. This provoked intense peasant resistance that made agricultural improvement after that time more difficult, for there was a history of what looked to peasants like oppressive intervention and successful resistance.

The resistance to erosion control aimed at protecting the right of the poorest people to land for subsistence. The erosion-control measures took land that was available rent-free for use by the poor and, through improvements, made it permanently subject to rental. Resistance to erosion control was therefore a battle to retain an existing system of social security. The peasants of Usambara made a collective choice, through

-114-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Population Growth and Agricultural Change in Africa
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 464

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.