Capital develops urban space as the basis for individual and social reproduction. It is within urban social space that humans are subjects for themselves in their ability to reproduce their lives according to developed social requirements. Capital forms production, distribution, exchange, and consumption as ever closer unities with one another. These unities mean that urban social space is itself a more universal form of human-made existence and the products and technologies involved in production, distribution, exchange, and consumption build upon and evolve through one another in the creation of their forms. These unities, then, create the bases for relations of direct production and direct consumption.
Capital itself develops as an ever closer relationship to social reproduction and its requirements. Capital becomes initially and most clearly a form of social organization with the creation of the working class. But capital continued to develop as a social formation. Its monopoly stage involved a reorganization of society so that capital appropriated into its corporate and financial system the products, technologies, and economies which had developed within urban social reproduction up to that time. Capital then created cities as an organization of mass production industries and corresponding forms of industrial labor and extended the basis for urban development through the production of neighborhoods as the basic unit for social existence and reproduction. Following the Second World War, capital became still more decisively socially reproductive in its forms as it used government powers and policies to further extend urban space and neighborhoods as the primary basis for human individual and social reproduction and multiplied the products for use within that space.
Capital could develop social space, especially after 1945, only as an international extension of its international productive investments. Only in this way could capital overcome the limits to consumption based upon private exchange and develop and introduce new technologies outside the limits of its maintenance of control over production processes and
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Publication information: Book title: Social Economy:The Logic of Capitalist Development. Contributors: Clark Everling - Author. Publisher: Routledge. Place of publication: London. Publication year: 1997. Page number: 128.
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