AIDS, Drugs, and Prevention: Perspectives on Individual and Community Action

By Tim Rhodes; Richard Hartnoll | Go to book overview

AIDS, despite the difficulties created by addiction, police pressure and social ostracism. This points to the fact that other groups faced with threats to their health can also organise for behavioural change and for changes in social policies and institutions that contribute to their health problems. Worldwide experience indicates that such efforts can help reduce occupational health risks and can reduce local levels of environmental pollution, as well as helping to prevent the spread of infectious diseases such as HIV. Beyond this, such efforts can sometimes contribute to wider social changes, such as when environmental movements in Eastern Europe helped produce the transformation of 1989.

REFERENCES


a
Abdul-Quader, A.S., Tross, S., Friedman, S.R., Kouzi, A.C. and Des Jarlais, D.C. (1990) ‘Street-recruited intravenous drug users and sexual risk reduction in New York City’, AIDS, 4: 1075-1079.
Abdul-Quader, A.S., Des Jarlais D.C., Tross, S., McCoy, E., Morales, G. and Velez, I. (1992) ‘Outreach to injecting drug users and female sexual partners of drug users on the Lower East Side of New York’, British Journal of Addiction, 87: 681-688.
Adam, B. (1987) The Rise of a Gay and Lesbian Movement, Boston: Twayne.
Altman, D. (1991) ‘The primacy of politics: organising around AIDS’, AIDS, 5 (suppl. 2): S231-S238.

b
Becker, M.H. and Joseph J.G. (1988) ‘AIDS and behavioral change to reduce risk: A review’, American Journal of Public Health 78: 394-410.
Broadhead, R.S. (1991) ‘Social constructions of bleach in combating AIDS among injection drug users’, Journal of Drug Issues, 21: 711-734.
Broadhead, R.S. and Fox, K.J. (1990) ‘Takin’ it to the streets: AIDS outreach as ethnography’, Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 19: 322-348.
Burghardt, S. (1982) The Other Side of Organising, Cambridge, MA: Schenkman.
Burrows, D. and Price, C. (1993) ‘Peer education among IDUs in Baltimore and Sydney: similarities and differences within a model of peer education’. Paper presented at IX International Conference on AIDS, Berlin [session WS—D09-6].

c
CDC (Centers for Disease Control) (1991) ‘Drug use and sexual behaviours among sex partners of injecting drug users—United States, 1988-1990’, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 40: 855-860.
Coutinho, R., van Grievson, G. and Moss, A. (1989) ‘Effects of preventive efforts among homosexual men’, AIDS, 3 (suppl. 1): S53-S56.

d
Des Jarlais, D.C. and Friedman, S.R. (1992a) ‘AIDS prevention programmes for intravenous drug users’, in G.P. Wormser (ed.) AIDS and other Manifestations of HIV Infection. Second Edition (pp. 645-658), New York: Raven Press.
Des Jarlais, D.C. and Friedman, S.R. (1992b) ‘The AIDS epidemic and legal access to sterile equipment for injecting illicit drugs’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 521: 42-65.
Des Jarlais, D.C., Abdul-Quader, A. and Tross, S. (1991) ‘The next problem: maintenance of AIDS risk reduction among injecting drug users’, International Journal of Addiction, 26: 1279-1292.
Des Jarlais, D.C., Friedman, S.R., Choopanya, K., Vanichseni, S. and Ward, T.P. (1992) ‘International epidemiology of HIV and AIDS among injecting drug users’, AIDS, 6: 1053-1068.
Dolan K.A., Stimson, G.V. and Donoghoe, M.C. (1993) ‘Reductions in HIV risk

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