Segregation and Apartheid in Twentieth-Century South Africa

By William Beinart; Saul Dubow | Go to book overview
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Sir Alfred Milner: British official who became the High Commissioner in South Africa from 1897 to 1905 during the key period of the South African War (1899-1902) and subsequent reconstruction policies for which he took considerable responsibility.
SAP: South African Party. Established on a countrywide basis after Union in 1910, it was the ruling party in the all-white South African parliament until 1924 under Generals L. Botha and J.C. Smuts. It was a vehicle for moderate Afrikaner opinion, as well as many English-speakers, anxious to establish conciliation and white unity.

M. Lacey, Working for Boroko: The Origins of a Coercive Labour System in South Africa (Johannesburg, 1981), 14-17; R. Parry, ‘“In a Sense Citizens, But Not Altogether Citizens…” Rhodes, Race, and the Ideology of Segregation at the Cape in the Late Nineteenth Century’, Canadian Journal of African Studies, XVII, 3 (1983), 377-91.
See for example Paul B. Rich, Race and Empire in British Politics (Cambridge, 1986), 21; E.H. Brookes, The History of Native Policy in South Africa from 1830 to the Present Day (Cape Town, 1924), 99-107. Note that the Chairman of the SANAC report was Sir Godfrey Lagden, a former Resident Commissioner of Basutoland. In arguing for segregation Howard Pim (see note 13) often cited the Basutoland precedent.
D. Welsh, The Roots of Segregation: Native Policy in Colonial Natal, 1845-1910 (London and Cape Town, 1971), 322.
S. Marks, The Ambiguities of Dependence in South Africa: Class, Nationalism and the State in Twentieth Century Natal (Johannesburg, 1986), 5 and ch. 1. See also S. Marks, ‘White Supremacy: A Review Article’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, XXIX, 2 (1987), 385-97.
5 Kiewiet, A History of South Africa, Social and Economic (Oxford, 1941); E.A. Walker, The Frontier Tradition in South Africa (Oxford, 1930); C.M. Tatz, Shadow and Substance in South Africa: A Study in Land and Franchise Policies Affecting Africans, 1910-1960 (Pietermaritzburg, 1962).
G. Leach, South Africa: No Easy Path to Peace, 2nd edn (London, 1987), 36, 40.
A.N. Pelzer’s authorized history of the Afrikaner Broederbond, Die Afrikaner-Broederbond: Eerste 50 Jaar (Cape Town, 1979), 163-4.
M. Legassick, ‘The Making of South African “Native Policy”, 1903-1923: The Origins of “Segregation”’, seminar paper, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London (1973), 2.
J.W. Cell, The Highest Stage of White Supremacy (Cambridge, 1982), 211.
South African Native Affairs Commission 1903-5, vol. I (Cape Town, 1905).


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