Mr. Jefferson's Lost Cause: Land, Farmers, Slavery, and the Louisiana Purchase

By Roger G. Kennedy | Go to book overview
Save to active project

9

McGillivray

He possesses an atticism of diction, aided by a liberal education, a great fund of wit and humor, meliorated by a perfect good nature and politeness.

(John Pope, writing in 1791 of Alexander McGillivray)

On a summer evening in 1788, three magnificent characters gathered at “Tallassee,” the home and place of business of a fourth, Alexander McGillivray. It was also McGillivray's capital city as Great Beloved Man—isti atcagagi thlacco—of the National Council of the Creek Confederacy. Waiting in attendance upon him were Philip Nolan, later cartographer of Texas, cowboy, scientific correspondent with Thomas Jefferson, and spy; William Augustus Bowles, actor, soldier, painter, merchant, later traveler of the world from Newfoundland to Manila, and still later self-elected Director-General of the Muskogean Republic; and Louis Milfort, traditional representative of the French to the Creeks and often their war leader against the British. Each of the four, in his own way, resisted the spread of the plantation system, though that resistance was more overt on the part of the two who became blood enemies—Bowles and McGillivray—than in the cases of Nolan and Milfort. 1

The four were gathered at Tallassee to deal with the delayed consequences of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, concluding a world war of which the American Revolution was one theater of operations. Within that theater there had been two scenes of action: that along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, where uniformed armies contended for cities and fought formal battles in the European fashion, and that of the interior. McGillivray had led a coalition of Southern Indian nations allied to the British against the United States. His later campaign against Bowles was the contest of one former Tory against another. The British betrayed these Indian allies when they became signatories in Paris to an agreement with France, Spain, and the United States deciding among themselves how the continent should be divided. In response, McGillivray organized a conference of the Southern nations in July 1785 to issue their own declaration of independence:

-119-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Mr. Jefferson's Lost Cause: Land, Farmers, Slavery, and the Louisiana Purchase
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 350

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?