# Contradictions of School Reform: Educational Costs of Standardized Testing

By Linda M. McNeil | Go to book overview

Index

a
 A Nation at Risk,159 , 199
 Accelerated Schools Movement, 49 , 277 n. 2
 accountability, xvi , xxi , xxiv-xxvii , xxix , 4 , 6 , 9-10 , 17 , 155-56 , 179-80 , 246-49 , 260-70 , 284 n. 13;
 alignment and, 261 , 263 ;
 as cost-accounting, 156 , 187 , 232 , 260-65 ;
 incentives and, xxvi , 245 ;
 inequality and, 17 , 261 , 263 , 265-66 , 269-70 ;
 power and, 4 , 261 , 265-69 ;
 resource scarcities and, 10 , 260 ;
 testing and, xxvi-xxvii , 6 , 17 , 233 , 244 , 246-50 , 252 , 255-59
 African-American(s)
 (see also Black), 26 , 98 , 252 , 276 n. 8, 277 n. 3;
 communities, 25 , 27 , 42 , 87 , 97 , 278 n. 7;
 de-segregation and, 22 , 24-28 , 55 , 57 , 97-98 , 100 , 136 , 140 , 256 ;
 graduation rates and, 148 , 254 , 279 n. 3;
 NAACP, 26 ;
 parents, 87 , 100 , 194 , 250 , 259 ;
 school board and, 25 , 266 ;
 schools (see schools, Black);
 segregation and, 24 , 27 , 51 , 97 , 140 ;
 student racial ratios and, 26 , 256 , 277 n. 12
 students (see students, Black);
 teachers (see teachers, Black)
 All My Sons,148-50 , 245
 Anglos
 (see also White), 25-28 , 98 , 138 , 275 n. 1;
 business elite, 25 , 160 , 173
 community, 25-26 , 28 , 51 , 98 , 253 , 260 ;
 de-segregation and, 21-22 , 25-28 , 51 , 136-37 ;
 graduation rates and, 254 , 279 n. 4;
 parents, 15 , 27 ;
 segregation and, 21-22 , 24-28 , 51 , 140 ;
 students (see students, White)
 Anyon, Jean, 118 , 260 ;
 Ghetto Schooling:
 A Political Economy of Urban Educational Reform,8 , 260
 Apple, Michael W., xii , xvii , xix , 7 , 160 , 197 , 200 , 205 , 231 , 248 ;
 and Anita Oliver, 7 ;
 and James Beane, xix
 Asian(s), 8 , 26 , 275 n. 1, 276 nn. 7, 278 n. 7
 assessment, 82 , 84 , 175 , 182 , 196-97 , 222 , 225-26 , 228 , 237 ;
 and testing, 156 , 164 , 168 , 169-70 , 187 , 196-97 , 237 ;
 authentic (see authentic assessment);
 by exhibitions, 84 , 86 , 155 , 162 , 192 , 199 , 221 , 223-25
 by minimum skills testing, 154 , 156 , 166-67 , 192 , 198 , 201 , 204 , 215 , 216 , 221 , 232 ;
 by proficiency tests, 154 , 156 , 162-64 , 166-68 , 189-228 ;
 of administrators, 174 , 268 ;
 of students, 157 , 163 , 174 , 176 , 183 , 187 , 189 , 192-93 , 196 , 198-99 , 203-204 , 215 , 216-17 , 225 , 228 , 232 , 252-53 ;
 of teachers, xxii , xxv , 139 , 154-59 , 162-64 , 166-68 , 169-75 , 182-85 , 187 , 189-90 , 193 , 196-99 , 204 , 220-28 , 230-31 , 239 , 244 , 261 , 268 , 273 n. 1, 274 n. 1
 appraisal system of)
 authentic:
 assessment, 84 , 86 ;
 knowledge (see knowledge, authentic);
 learning, xxiv , xxvi , xxviii , 4-5 , 9 , 12 , 15-17 , 22 , 24 , 31 , 32-33 , 34 , 59 , 106 , 108 , 109 , 114 , 118 , 120 , 150 , 190 , 192 , 217 , 225 , 232 , 270 ;
 schooling, 96 , 220 , 227 ;
 teaching, xxviii , 4-5 , 12 , 15-17 , 21-45 , 106 , 118 , 120 , 190 , 192-93 , 211-13 , 217-18 , 223 , 242 , 244 , 246 , 255 , 270

b
 Black(s)
 (see also African-American), 25-28 , 34 , 51 , 70 , 97 , 137 , 275 n. 1, 276 n. 1;
 activism, 27 ;
 children (see children, Black);
 communities (see African-American, communities);
 students (see students, African-American);
 teachers (see teachers, Black)
 Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka,25 , 27
 Bush, Governor George W., 261 , 267-68 , 283 n. 6

c
 Callahan, Raymond, 11 , 161 , 171 , 197 , 221
 design of, 185 , 199 , 221 ;
 Perot and, 181-82 , 185-86 , 221 ;
 teacher performance appraisal and, 160 , 162 , 170 , 172 , 180-83 , 187 , 193 , 199 , 222 , 225 ;
 trade-off for salary increase and, 162 , 173 , 225 , 261
 Chicano movement

-297-

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