The Archaeology of Ancient Sicily

By R. Ross Holloway | Go to book overview

NOTES

1 Prehistoric Sicily
1
About 6 million years ago the Mediterranean was dry during the so-called Messenian Event (K.J. Hsü (1983) The Mediterranean was a Desert, Princeton, NJ). But this is somewhat early for the arrival of tool-using hominids. I owe this reference to Prof. John Imbrie.
2
A. Leroi-Gourhan (1968) Treasures of Prehistoric Art, New York. For a critical appraisal see A. Sieveking (1989) The Cave Artists, London.
3
G. Navarra (1984) E le ‘Pietre Strane’ Raccontano Ancora, Bologna.
4
M. Gimbutas (1974) Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe, London.
5
C. Malone (1985) ‘Pots, prestige and ritual in Neolithic Southern Italy’, Papers in Italian Archaeology IV, pt ii, Oxford British Archaeological Reports International Series 244:118-51.
6
The expression is that of A. Sherratt (1976) ‘Resources, technology, and trade: an essay in Early European metallurgy’, in G. de Sieveking et al. (eds) Problems in Economic and Social Archaeology, Boulder, Col., pp. 557-81.
7
B. Malinowski (1932) The Argonauts of the Western Pacific, London.
8
T. Veblen (1899) The Theory of the Leisure Class, New York.
9
D. Trump (1972) Malta: An Archaeological Guide, London. There is an additional temple known at Ta Raddiena.
10
C. Renfrew (1973) Before Civilization, London.
11
L. Maniscalco (1989) ‘Ocher containers and trade in the Central Mediterranean Copper Age’, American Journal of Archaeology, 93:537-52.
12
B.E. McConnell (1985) San Cono-Piano Notaro-Grotta Zubbia Ceramics in Sicilian Prehistory, diss., Brown University. John Evans suspected such a relationship but revealed his suspicions only in a passing phrase of his (1959) Malta, London, p. 161.
13
K.G. Ponting (1966) The Wool Trade, Manchester p. 2.
14
J. Gledhil and M. Larsen (1982) ‘The Polanyi paradigm and a dynamic analysis of archaic states’, in C. Renfrew, M.J. Rowlands and B.A. Seagraves (eds) Theory and Explanation in Archaeology, Southampton Conference, New York, pp. 197-230.
15
G. Pettinato (1979) ‘II commercio internazionale di Ebla: economia statale e privata’, in E. Lipinski (ed.) State and Temple Economy in the Ancient Near East, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 5, Louvain, pp. 171-234.
16
No argument against McConnell’s thesis based on the supposed small burden of Early Bronze Age vessels should be entertained. The sketch of a ship scratched onto a block of the Tarxien Temple is reminiscent of the longboats of the Aegean, but, as a recent study has shown these are not normal vessels but traditional craft maintained for ceremonies; C. Broodbank (1989) The long-boat and society in the Cyclades in the Keros-Syros Culture’, American Journal of Archaeology 93:319-38.
17
For the development of the Sicilian chamber tomb see B.E. McConnell (1988) ‘Indagini preistoriche nel territorio di Ribera (AG); Le tombe dell’ età del rame in Contrada Castello ed a Cozzo Mastrogiovanni’, Sicilia Archeologica 21:101-12.
18
G. Sluga Messina (1983) Analisi dei motivi decorativi della ceramica di Castelluccio di Noto, Rome.
19
Bernabò Brea (1985) Gli Eoli e l’inizio dell’ età del bronzo nelle isole Eolie e nell’ Italia meridionale, Naples.
20
R.J. Harrison (1980) The Beaker Folk, London; S. Tusa (1987) ‘The bell beaker in Sicily’, in W.H. Waldren and R.C. Kennard (eds) Bell Beakers of the Western Mediterranean, Oxford, pp. 523-50.
21
The ‘Mycenean’ sherds reported from Morgantina appear dubious, cf. R. Leighton (1984) ‘Mycenean pottery at Morgantina’, American Journal of Archeology 88:389-91.
22
F. Lo Schiavo, E. Macnamara and L. Vagnetti (1985) ‘Late Cypriote imports to Italy and their influence on local bronze work’, Papers of The British School at Rome 53:1-71.

-179-

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The Archaeology of Ancient Sicily
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations ix
  • Preface xvii
  • 1 - Prehistoric Sicily 1
  • 2 - Early Greek Sicily 43
  • 3 - Late Archaic and Classical Greek Sicily 97
  • 4 - Coinage 121
  • 5 - Later Greek, Punic and Roman Sicily 141
  • 6 - The Villa at Piazza Armerina 167
  • Notes 179
  • Bibliography (1980-9) 185
  • Index 203
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