Agenda 21, Earth SummitFor environmental educators, Section IV, Chapter 4 of UNCED’s Agenda 21—on ‘education, public awareness and training’—is of primordial interest. ‘The Declaration and recommendations of the Tbilisi Conference on Environmental Education’, the pertinent chapter states, ‘organized by UNESCO and UNEP and held in 1977, have provided the fundamental principles for the proposals’ of UNCED. The programme areas described are: (1) reorienting education towards sustainable development; (2) increasing public awareness; and (3) promoting training. The first programme area includes as its objectives: (a) to endorse recommendations of the World Conference on Education for All (Jomtien, Thailand, 1990), which included environmental literacy; (b) to achieve environmental and developmental awareness in all sectors of society on a worldwide scale as soon as possible; (c) to strive to achieve the accessibility of environmental and development education, linked to social education, from primary school age through adulthood to all groups of people; and (d) to promote integration of environment and development concepts, including demography, in all educational programmes, in particular the analysis of the causes of major environment and development issues in a local context, drawing on the best available scientific evidence and other appropriate sources of knowledge, and giving special emphasis to the further training of decision makers at all levels. The activities proposed for the first programme area include, in turn:
|(a) Governments should strive to update or prepare strategies aimed at integrating environment and development as a cross-cutting issue into education at all levels within the next three years. A thorough review of curricula should be undertaken to ensure a multidisciplinaiy approach, with environment and development issues and their socio-cultural and demographic aspects and linkages. |
|(b) Countries are encouraged to set up advisory national environmental education coordinating bodies or round tables of representatives of |
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Handbook of Environmental Education.
Contributors: Joy Palmer - Author, Philip Neal - Author.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1994.
Page number: 217.
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