Compact Cities: Sustainable Urban Forms for Developing Countries

By Mike Jenks; Rod Burgess | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Q.M. Mahtab-uz-Zaman and Stephen S.Y. Lau

City Expansion Policy versus Compact City Demand:

The Case of Dhaka

Introduction

Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, is in a continuous process of urban expansion. This is a common phenomenon in many developing countries, where cities lose control over urban growth patterns. The need to cater for high population growth and inward migration from rural areas theoretically reinforces governmental policy towards city expansion. In support of this policy, the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan 1995-2015 (DMDP) proposed new urban development guidelines for development in the twenty-first century. The DMDP recommends the outward expansion of the city by encroachment on suburban and agricultural land. More roads and highways are recommended to link with the sprawling new developments, leading to a vision of a low-rise, low-density city form, with long journeys-to-work. However, this planning proposal lacks any comprehensive study of the reality of Dhaka’s inner city, and fails to take account of the cost of developing infrastructure on the fringe (Rodger, 1991).

Examination of the inner-city core reveals a tendency towards high-density built form, giving close proximity between place of residence and place of work. Transportation is of a poor quality; there is insufficient provision of appropriate transport modes and inadequate infrastructure. As a result, there are questions about the built form most appropriate for Dhaka city—a future megacity with a population growth of more than 2.2% per annum (Weekly Independent, 1996).

At present, suburban and agricultural land is being transformed and prepared for vast new towns. However, these new towns are like ghost towns, driven by the false hope of attracting real-estate developers and buyers who may need to wait for several decades to recoup their investment on these barren lands. As Dhaka city restructures towards high-density built form through private initiatives, there appears to be an imbalance between the demand for high-density central development and the new policy for Greater Metropolitan Dhaka. Imbalance between economic transformation and institutional response seems to exist in most Asian cities (McGee and Robinson, 1995).

This chapter examines the rapid restructuring of the inner city towards high-

-141-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Compact Cities: Sustainable Urban Forms for Developing Countries
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 356

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?