Teaching English as a Foreign Language

By Geoffrey Broughton; Christopher Brumfit et al. | Go to book overview

Chapter 4

Basic Principles

The preceding chapter, in discussing several aspects of language has suggested the complexity of this essentially human activity; whilst the detailed questions posed at the end of Chapter 2 imply a professional dimension no less complicated.

Clearly there are people who teach the English language successfully without professional training or rigorous language study, succeeding by virtue of those sensitive and sympathetic qualities which mark the natural teacher. There are also those whose training for and experience of other kinds of teaching is successfully transferred to language teaching. There are students of linguistics whose studies have provided such insights into English that they are better teachers thereby. Ideally, however, the professional English language teacher should have not only the required personal qualities, but also training in the disciplines and fields of study appropriate to the language teaching process. Training of this kind can be stated in terms of what the teacher should know and what he should do.

Even with the very wide range of educational settings in the world today, from kindergarten groups of twelve in Argentina to strictly audio-visual classes in Senegal, or traditionally taught university seminars in Japan, there are certain basic principles common to all good language teaching, principles derived from the interaction of aspects of those fields of study which contribute to the theory and practice of EFL teaching. The contributory areas of knowledge may be represented in Figure 3.

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Teaching English as a Foreign Language
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Chapter 1 - English in the World Today 1
  • Chapter 2 - In the Classroom 12
  • Chapter 3 - Language and Communication 25
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 36
  • Chapter 4 - Basic Principles 37
  • Chapter 5 - Pronunciation 49
  • Chapter 6 - Listening and Speaking 65
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 88
  • Chapter 7 - Reading 89
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 115
  • Chapter 8 - Writing 116
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 131
  • Chapter 9 - Errors, Correction and Remedial Work 133
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 143
  • Chapter 10 - Assessment and Examinations 145
  • Chapter 11 - Young Children Learning English 166
  • Chapter 12 - Learning English in the Secondary School 174
  • Chapter 13 - Teaching English to Adults 187
  • Chapter 14 - The English Department 201
  • Appendix 1 211
  • Appendix 2 212
  • Glossary of Selected Terms 214
  • Bibliography 233
  • Useful Periodicals 240
  • Index 241
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