Teaching English as a Foreign Language

By Geoffrey Broughton; Christopher Brumfit et al. | Go to book overview

Chapter 13

Teaching English to Adults

Adults learning English bring to the task a mature personality, many years of educational training, a developed intelligence, a determination to get what they want, fairly clear aims, and above all strong motivation to make as rapid progress as possible. These are formidable qualifications which far outweigh any disadvantages, and make teaching adults a challenging and satisfying experience.

An adult is no longer constrained by the educational system or parental pressure to learn English, so the problems of dealing with conscripts do not exist. Since people choose to be present in an English class, the opposite is more the case—the tertiary teacher’s task is to utilise and channel his student’s motivation so that his specific needs and aims are optimally fulfilled. There is considerable diversity in the tertiary sector and the rest of this chapter looks at some of the important areas and their problems.


Higher education in the state system

Many English teachers find themselves in or attached to university or polytechnic English departments throughout the world in the capacity of assistants or lecturers. Generally speaking, the framework of the studies is fixed and the syllabus, usually preparing for a final examination, settled. The teacher’s challenge is to bring to life the language, literature and civilisation it is his charge to teach.

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Teaching English as a Foreign Language
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Chapter 1 - English in the World Today 1
  • Chapter 2 - In the Classroom 12
  • Chapter 3 - Language and Communication 25
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 36
  • Chapter 4 - Basic Principles 37
  • Chapter 5 - Pronunciation 49
  • Chapter 6 - Listening and Speaking 65
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 88
  • Chapter 7 - Reading 89
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 115
  • Chapter 8 - Writing 116
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 131
  • Chapter 9 - Errors, Correction and Remedial Work 133
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 143
  • Chapter 10 - Assessment and Examinations 145
  • Chapter 11 - Young Children Learning English 166
  • Chapter 12 - Learning English in the Secondary School 174
  • Chapter 13 - Teaching English to Adults 187
  • Chapter 14 - The English Department 201
  • Appendix 1 211
  • Appendix 2 212
  • Glossary of Selected Terms 214
  • Bibliography 233
  • Useful Periodicals 240
  • Index 241
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