Rural and regional development


Although Pacific Asia understandably has a reputation for its urban industrial development, it is nevertheless the case that most people in the region still live and work in rural areas (Figure 4.1). More people are classified as rural than work in agriculture (or fisheries), however. This is mainly due to employment in rural non-farm occupations; but in the more urbanized countries it is also a symptom of rural commuting to urban areas and the advance of suburbanization. There is, of course, substantial variation within Pacific Asia in the importance of the rural sector and this cuts across political affiliations. Thus there are both capitalist and socialist countries that are still predominantly rural.

It is, perhaps, not surprising that in view of the levels and density of rural populations, and in the light of colonial and post-colonial emphasis on primary exports, that rural production levels in Pacific Asia are high in comparison to the rest of the Third World and continue to rise at a rapid rate, despite the shift of population into the urban areas. As Figure 4.2 implies, there is a distinction to be made between food and non-food production, but within the former there is another distinction to be made between subsistence and commercial food production. It is an unfortunate fact of life that many agriculturally rich countries produce primarily for export, so that many poor rural dwellers still suffer undernutrition and poverty in the midst of plenty.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Pacific Asia


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 222

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?