Environmental Impact Assessment: Theory and Practice

By Peter Wathern | Go to book overview

12

The legislative framework for EIA in centrally planned economies

A.STARZEWSKA

Introduction

One of the fundamental functions of a socialist state is to secure proper living conditions for its citizens. Consequently, in countries with centrally planned economies, there is a legal framework which ensures a particular place for environmental protection in the economic activity of the state. To achieve this objective requires a range of provisions which include, besides the strictly social ones, a great number of conditions generally described as ‘ecological’ or ‘environmental requirements’.

In order to determine how environmental impact assessment (EIA) could fit within the overall planning process in socialist countries, it is important to consider three aspects. These are the constitutional and legal framework within which EIA would have to operate; current practice in development planning; and the scope for using EIA in centrally planned economies. In this chapter, each of these facets is given separate consideration, along with a detailed review of recent experience of EIA in Poland.


Constitutional foundations of environmental protection

The constitutions of socialist countries determine that environmental protection and regulation of the use of natural resources for present and future generations are basic functions of the state. The complexity of environmental-social interrelationships requires a particular form of constitutional device. Thus, certain constitutions contain articles dealing directly with environmental protection, for example, by identifying responsibilities with respect to the environment, while others specify the socioeconomic objectives of environmental policy. The most important principles of environmental protection incorporated within the constitutions of individual socialist countries, and some examples of relevant articles, are listed in Table 12.1

To understand how constitutional principles relating to the environment operate in some socialist countries it is advisable to examine some examples. For instance, the Czechoslovak constitution regulates environmental protection above all by Article 15 which states that:

-210-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Environmental Impact Assessment: Theory and Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 332

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.