Landscape Planning and Environmental Impact Design

By Tom Turner | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 4

Public open space

The physical types of open space presently designed are astonishingly limited: the swimming beach, the roadside picnic area, the woodland with “nature trails”, the grassed park dotted with trees and shrubbery, comprise the conventional range.

Lynch 1972:110

Great civilizations allocate open space to public and non-productive uses. Historically, this has included gardens, temple compounds, ceremonial grounds, outdoor markets, social places, gymnasia for exercise and recreation, burial grounds, hunting and wildlife reserves. All this land is now classified by planners as “public open space”, because the land is accessible and unbuilt. It is a term which ignores the distinction between parks and greenways. Parks are for protection (Fig. 4.1). Greenways are for movement. The reasons for making public open space are multifarious. Lynch, as quoted above, was right to protest that “the physical types of open space presently designed are astonishingly limited”.

Parks take their name from the verb to impark, which means to surround with a hedge, fence or wall. Greenways, as discussed in the second half of this chapter, have characteristics indicated by the two components of the word: the land has environmental quality and it provides a route, for humans, animals or a natural process. Frequently, parks will be patches and greenways will be corridors.

Figure 4.1 Parks are for protection. Greenways are for movement. Both types of space can be public and open.

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Landscape Planning and Environmental Impact Design
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Part 1 - Landscape Planning 1
  • Chapter 1 - Will Planning Die? 3
  • Chapter 2 - Landscape Plans 28
  • Chapter 3 - Context Theories 73
  • Part 2 - Environmental Impact Design 109
  • Chapter 4 - Public Open Space 113
  • Chapter 5 - Reservoirs 155
  • Chapter 6 - Mineral Working 185
  • Chapter 7 - Agriculture 217
  • Chapter 8 - Forests 246
  • Chapter 9 - Rivers and Floods 280
  • Chapter 10 - Transport 318
  • Chapter 11 - Urbanization 353
  • Appendix - Environmental Impact Questions 394
  • References 402
  • Index 417
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