Introducing English Grammar

By David J. Young | Go to book overview

Contents
Acknowledgements7
Preface8
1Introduction11
Why study grammar?
Languages vary
Registers
Correctness
Linguistic change
Appropriateness
The scope of this book
Words as formal objects
How do words combine?
Inflection
Kinds of meaning
Major and minor classes
Grammar: a technical subject
2Nouns and noun phrases18
Nouns and determiners
Countable and uncountable nouns
Noun phrases
Prepositions
Inflections of nouns: plural number
Irregular nouns
Collective number
Genitive inflection of nouns
An alternative to the genitive inflection
Another function for genitive nouns
The meaning of nouns
Derived and compound nouns
The English lexicon
Productivity
Proper nouns
Personal pronouns and back reference
Indefinite pronouns
Determiners as heads
Summary
Exercises
3Verbs and verb phrases36
Verbs and their subjects
Verbs with noun-phrase subjects
Verbs and tense
Verbs and their complements
Verb phrases
Inflections of verbs
Modal verbs
Finite and non-finite verbs
Verbs as complements
Split infinitives
Ing-forms and n-forms as modifiers
Ing-forms as heads
Voice and the verb
Phrasal verbs
Prepositional verbs
The meaning of verbs
Two-place verbs
Three-place verbs
One-place verbs
Intensive verbs
Dynamic and stative verbs
Derived verbs
Verbs converted from adjectives
Exercises
4Adjectives and adjective phrases54
The predicative function
The attributive function
Inflection of adjectives
Gradability
Intensification
Comparison
Superlatives
Non-gradable adjectives: colour
Non-gradable adjectives: classifying
Gradable ing-forms
Non-gradable ing-forms
A type of compound adjective
A type of compound noun
Attributive and predicative n-forms
Complementation of adjectives
Complemented adjectives used attributively
Adjective as head of the noun phrase
Ellipsis of the noun head
Dynamic and stative adjectives
Adjectives that have no attributive function
Adjectives that have no predicative function
Derived adjectives
Compound adjectives
Exercises
5Sentences71
Basic sentence patterns
Objects
Indirect objects
Ascriptive complements
Place complements
Adverbs and adverb phrases
The miscellaneous nature of adverbs
Sentence adverbs

-5-

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