An Introduction to the Social History of Nursing

By Robert Dingwall; Anne Marie Rafferty et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Chapter two

The Revolution in Nursing

The first evidence of widespread dissatisfaction with the way in which sick people were provided with nursing care dates from the 1830s. It is important to recognize, however, that this evidence does not come from either nurses or patients. Both were likely to belong to classes of the population who leave few written records of their own, even if they were not actually illiterate. The complaints come from two particular sources. One was a group of physicians and surgeons who were introducing new ways of practising medicine that were radically changing the whole nature of hospitals. The other was a circle of well-connected philanthropists whose criticisms expressed both the reforming spirit of evangelical Christianity and a growing concern about the fragility of social order under the stresses of industrialization and urbanization. These two factions had rather different visions for the future of nursing but their combined influence transformed the standards expected from care providers in the home or in institutions.


The rise of the hospital

To understand the changing environment in which nursing care was being given, we need to retrace our steps a little to consider how medical practice had been developing since the end of the eighteenth century among the elite practitioners who were later to join into the modern profession of medicine. Before this time, their work had been only loosely linked to hospitals. These might, as in Edinburgh and Leiden, be places where a medical education happened to be given but they were not centres of research and expertise in the way they are today.

Until the beginning of the nineteenth century, the development of medical knowledge took place in two ways: the elaboration of nosologies, or systems for classifying symptoms, and speculation

-19-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
An Introduction to the Social History of Nursing
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 256

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?