One very thorough analysis of the work of Augustine, Jerome,
and the Venerable Bede is provided in King (1996). The
writings of Augustine and Jerome have shed some light on how
deaf people and communication through signs and gestures
were perceived within Western society in the era of the Dark
Ages. Unfortunately, Augustine has also been unfairly
victimized by historians. In discussing a passage in the Bible
by the apostle Paul, “Faith comes by hearing” (Romans 10:17),
Augustine saw deafness as possibly hindering the development
of faith, but he never directly spoke to the exclusion of deaf
people from the church. As in the case of Aristotle, however,
the writing of Augustine was misinterpreted and for a long
time the view persisted that deaf people could not be taught
the Christian faith.
Another popular text of this period was Gilbert the Englishman's Compendium Medicinae (about 1250), printed in 1510 in Lyons,
which included a chapter on deafness.
Some individuals describe themselves as “profoundly hardof-hearing,” meaning that they have severe to profound hearing
losses but still function as hard-of-hearing people, relying fully
on spoken communication.
Sound also can be carried through the bones of the body via
bone conduction just as it can through solid materials outside
of the body (remember Indians in old westerns putting their ear
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Educating Deaf Students:From Research to Practice.
Contributors: Marc Marschark - Author, Harry G. Lang - Author, John A. Albertini - Author.
Publisher: Oxford University Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 2002.
Page number: 231.
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