Portions of Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 of this book were published as " ' "The Mouth of 'hem All': Ben Jonson, Authorship, and the Performing Object"," Theatre Journal 46.2 ( May 1994); and " Punch and Judy and Cultural Appropriation," Cultural Studies 8.5 ( 1994). I thank the editors of the respective journals for their comments during the publication process, and for their permission to reprint this material.I would also like to thank the organizers or moderators of various conference panels and seminars before whom I presented portions of the book: Herbert Coursen, Alexander Leggatt, Katharine Eisaman Maus, Ellen M. Pollak, and Gary Taylor.The staff at the Folger Shakespeare Library, the Houghton Library and Theater Collection at Harvard, and the Huntington Library gave me valuable assistance with tracking down references and illustrations.I also thank the Boston University Humanities Foundation, whose award of a Junior Fellowship in 1992 allowed me the time to complete the research for the book.
Over the course of this project many friends and colleagues have assisted me by reading drafts, offering comments and suggestions, sharing unpublished work, or directing me to sources. They include Lynda E. Boose, Lawrence Breiner, Julia Prewitt Brown, William C. Carroll, Huston Diehl, Frances E. Dolan, Daria Donnelly, Keir Elam, Suzanne Gossett, Eugene A. Green, Charles L. Griswold, Jr., Jayme Koszyn, Lynne Layton, Josephine Lee, Sarah Lyons, Scott Michaelsen, John Paul Riquelme, Charles J. Rzepka, Stephen Scully, James R. Siemon, Roger Shattuck, and David Wagenknecht.