Edward T. Hall, The Hidden Dimension ( New York: Doubleday, 1966), p. 52.
Introduction -- Venturing Down
Deborah Sontag, "Unlicensed Peddlers, Unfettered Dreams", New York Times, June 14, 1993, Al.
The names given to these stations indicate major commercial institutions or dis-
tricts in their vicinity. In reality, only Grand Central and Times Square are so designated
by the Transit Authority. The Port Authority station is adjacent to the bus terminal
known by this name but is operated by the TA, not by the Port Authority of New York
and New Jersey.
Patricia J. Campbell, Passing the Hat: Street Performers in America ( New York: Delacorte Press, 1981), p. 101.
For the term "circle," see
Sally Harrison-Pepper, Drawing a Circle in the Square:
Street Performing in New York's Washington Square Park ( Jackson: University Press of
Mississippi, 1990). I use it broadly to describe various audience configurations.
Lawrence W. Levine, Highbrow Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy
in America ( Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988), p. 9.
I use the term "authorities" to refer to the quasi-governmental MTA and TA, not
to law enforcement agents, as is often the practice.
Jim Dwyer, in Subway Lives: 24
Hours in the Life of the New York City Subway ( New York: Crown, 1991), pp. 221-
22, maintains that the MTA is "a symbol of independent authorities that are beyond the
control of elected officials." Nevertheless, he adds, the chief executives of authorities are
aware that one of their primary responsibilities is to shield the elected officials who
appointed them from public criticism.
1 Setting Up
Harrison-Pepper, Drawing a Circle, p. xiv.
Simon Frith, Sound Effects: Youth, Leisure, and the Politics of Rock 'n' Roll
( New York. Pantheon, 1981), p. 29.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Underground Harmonies:Music and Politics in the Subways of New York.
Contributors: Susie J. Tanenbaum - Author.
Publisher: Cornell University Press.
Place of publication: Ithaca, NY.
Publication year: 1995.
Page number: 241.
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